Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

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Manuscript file 3356

Doomas' Company, Bourland's Regiment

"served 4 months, 5 days" per Geo. Renner's pension application"

More Doomas and J.W. Peebles records

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                   Reassignments, Major Simeon Hart
                                 Manuscript 3356
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A list of soldiers heretofore temporarily detailed as Conscripts to the service of Major S. Hart, QM Mr., CSA for whose permanent details — having now been assigned to Companies’ application is hereby made by Major S. Hart*, Manager, Quarter Master’s Office, CSA, San Antonio, Texas, June 22nd, 1864.

Abernathy, Milton D.L. Abernathy, b-1838 MO ["Newton" on Manuscript 3356 record]; m-Catherine; 1860 Hunt cen p335; SharpShooters' Co B; Sweet's 15th Cav, Co H (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt)
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Baggett, Abraham Baggett, b-1826 AL; m-M.A.; 1860 Lama cen p118; Good’s Squad, Wells’ Battn
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Brown, P.P. Brown, b-1829 (Co I, Bourland's Regt) 273, A-11, A-25, A-30, A-20x ... CANNOT identify ... Please help identify.
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Brownfield, Samuel Brownfield, b-1824 TN; m-M.J.; 1870 Lamar cen p116; C.W. Smith’s Co Good’s Squad, Wells’ Battn, A-20
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Floyd, Wm. A. Floyd, b-1832 TN; m-Mary A.; 1860 Lama cen p145; DeMorse's 29th Cav, Co G; Good's Squad, Wells' Battn (Lamar Co, TST), A-151, A-20
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Hicks, James L.. Hicks, b-1835 TN; m-S.J.; 1870 Lamar cen p376; Good’s Squad, Wells’ Battn
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Hill, Frederick M. Hill, b-1841 Madi Co VA; 11th Cav, Co I, nurse; 1860 Titu cen p186 (Co H, G, I, Bourland's Regt), A-14, A-24, A-30, A-78, xA-20xxxx
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Jackson,
Alexander Jackson, b-1845 AL; 1860 Hunt cen p351, Ladonia P.O.; 1870 Hunt cen p423, m-Mary (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-15, A-25, A-31, xA-20xxxx
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Jones, A.J. Jones, b-1836 TN; 1860 Lama cen p102; Good's Squad, Wells' Battn (Lamar Co, TST), A-107, xA-20
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Keefe, John M. Keefe, b-1824 [res: Hunt Co] (Doomas’ Co, Bourland’s Regt .... See "John Keefe, Carter's 21st TX Cavalry, Co H, card No. 11 in the "Footnote.com" database that sites "J.M. Keefe, Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt, TX Cav" ...YEAH!
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McCampbell, CAMPBELL, James Henry Campbell, McCampbell (1827 TN-1918) m-Julia Emeline Perkins; DeMorse's 29th Cav, Co C; Wells' Battn, Good's Co B (Lamar Co, TST) .... (J.H. McCampbell on Manuscript 3356 record, James H. Campbell on other records.  ... Capt C.W. Smith's Company B of Good's Squad of Wells' Battn.)
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McDowell, James W. McDowell, b-1823 OH; m-M.C.; 1860 Lama cen p114; Daniels' 9th Light Artil; Good's Squad, Wells' Battn, xA-20x
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Merrill, Rumsey L. Merrill (1840 TX-1865) m-1858 Fann Co TX to Eliz J. Warrenburg; 1860 Fann cen p219 (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-16, A-25, A-31, A-148, A-150, xA-20x
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Merrill, Wiley Brandon, Merrill, Jr. (1847 TX-1922) m-E.J. Boothe; Wells' Battn, Co E (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-16, A-25, A-31
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Nance, D.T.M.. D. Nance of Hemstead AR; Good's Co, Wells’ Battn. ...
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Nixon, Thomas English Nixon (1825 TN-1892) m-Mary; 1860 Lama cen p113; Good’s Squad, Wells’ Battn, xA-20xxxx
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Peebles, John Wesley Peebles. (1843 IL-aft 1880 Delta Co TX cen) m-Alsinia L. Wilson (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-15, A-18, A-25, A-31, A-148 xA-20x
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Renner, John George Renner (1836 Greene Co TN-1931 Erath Co TX) m-Marg Wilhoit; 1860 Fann cen p227; pens #22062; Alexander's 34th Cav, Co I, Sgt (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-18, A-31, A-157, xA-20x
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Rush, John Rush, b-1830 AL; m-R. [b-1833 TN]; 1860 Lama cen p100; shoemaker; Rutherford's Inf., xA-20x
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Walls, John E. L. Walls (1825 OH-1900 Greenville TX) m1-Sarah Eliz Stafford; m2-Margaret (Bullard) Lewis; 1860 Hunt cen p351; Sweet's 15th Cav, Co H, teamster (Co D, Bourland's Regt), 288, A-20, A-30, A-157, x A-20, xA-20x
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Wilhoit, Henry Odd Wilhoit (1841 TN-1929 Enid Cem, Garfield Co OK) m1-1869 Hopk Co TX to Mary Wallace, 3 ch; m2-1874 Delta Co TX to Lucy Wallace, 1 ch; m.3-Hunt Co TX to Martha Victoria Riley, 9 ch; 1860 Fann cen p227 (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-20, A-25, A-31, A-148, xA-20x
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Wilhoit, Isaac Wilhoit (1831 Greene Co TN-1936 Wichita Co TX) m-1860 Hunt Co TX to Rachel Brady, 9 ch; 1860 Fann cen p227; Alexander's 34th Cav, Co I, Cpl (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-20, A-25, A-31, A-148, xA-20x
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Wright, John R. Wright b-1837 TN, son of Valcian/ Valsian G.C. Wright and Rachael Reed, m-1829 Gibson Co TN; 1860 Hunt cen p335; Stevens' 22d Cav, Co D, discharged, hired sub Andrew M. Wright by Comdr's order, conscript, Brush Battn (Good's Squad, Wells' Battn), xA-20x
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Womack, James L. Wamack, b-1843 TN; [res. Fannin Co in 1864]; m-M. McDonald; Lane's 3d Cav, Co D; South KS-TX Regt, Co D (Pyron's 2d Cav, Co D) xA-20x

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Doomas' Company attached to Bourland’s Regt.

1 ) Jackson,   Alexander Jackson, b-1845 AL; m-Mary; 1860 Hunt Co TX cen p351, Ladonia P.O.; 1870 Hunt Co TX cen p423 (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-15, A-25, A-31

2) Merrill,   Ramsey L. Merrill, b-1840 TX; m-1858 Fann Co TX to Elizabeth J. Warrenburg; 1860 Fannin Co TX cen p219, Ladonia P.O. (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-16, A-25, A-31, A-148

3) Merrill,   Wiley Brandon Merrill, Jr. b-1847 TX; m-1866 Fann Co TX to E.J. Boothe; enum w/ Martha Ann, 1860 Fann Co TX cen p219, Ladonia P.O. (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-16, A-25, A-31

.4) Peebles,   John Wesley Peebles (1843 IL KY TN-aft 1880 Klondike, Delta Co TX cen) m-Alsinia L. Wilson, dau of Polly Ann Harens and Jeff J. Wilson (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-15, A-18, A-25, A-31, A-148

5) Renner George.  ... John George "George" Renner (1836 Greene Co TN-1931 Erath Co TX, Chalk Mt. Cem, Somervell Co TX) m-1857 to Margaret Wilhoit, 9 ch; 1860 Fann cen p227; Ladonia P.O.; arrived 1858 in TX; Erath Co TX pens. appl #22062; Alexander's 34th Cav, Co I, 2d Sgt, had tuberculosis (Doomas' Co, served 4 months 5 days, Bourland's Regt), A-18, A-31, A-157

.6) Wilhoit, Wilhite,  Henry Odd Wilhoit (1841 TN-1929 Enid Cem, Garfield Co OK) m,1-1869 Hopk Co TX to Mary Wallace (maybe Native American), 3 ch; m,2-1874 Delta Co TX to Lucy Wallace, 1 ch; m.3-Hunt Co TX to Martha Victoria Riley, 9 ch; 1860 Fann cen p227;  Ladonia P.O.  (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-20, A-25, A-31, A-148

.7)  Wilhoit, Wilhite,   Isaac Wilhoit (1831 Greene Co TN-1936 Wichita Co TX) m-1860 Hunt Co TX to Rachel Brady, 9 ch; 1860 Fann cen p227; Ladonia P.O.; Alexander's 34th Cav, Co I, Cpl (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-20, A-25, A-31, A-148

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First, some of Wells’ Battalion and Bourland’s Regt. patrolled the same area at the same time, i.e., from Fort Arbuckle, Indian Territory to Fort Belknap, Young County TX.

Second, the records of Wells’ Battalion and Bourland’s Regt. mention both J.W. Peebles Papers and Doomas' Company of Bourland's Regt.

A) Doomas’ Company. ..This Doomas’ Company was attached to both the Wells’ Battalion and Bourland’s Regt.  Who was this Doomas?

John W. Dumas, b-1847 MS; 1860 Grayson Co TX cen p150; served in Co K, G.W. Baylor's 2d Regt, Arizona Brigade. This tough Ariz. Brigade service probably gave young John W. Dumas the 'metal' and confidence to organize the patrolling Doomas Company that was attached to Bourland's Regt.   

Richard Dumas stated: "My mother's grandfather, Samuel L. Tyler, enlisted in Baylor's Regt. Co. E in Oct 1862 in Leon Co, Texas (Centerville) Arizona Brigade."

B) The "J.W. Peebles Papers (see Manuscript 3356)" appears in both the Wells’ Battalion and Bourland’s Regt. records.

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Bourland Family connections ... 6 of the 7 had a Ladonia P.O.

1a) Jackson,   Alexander Jackson, b-1845 AL found in 1870 Hunt Co TX cen in same location as shown in 1860 Hunt Co TX cen with Ladonia P.O.

2a, 3a) Merrill,   Merrills of Ladonia, Fannin Co TX m-Col James Bourland's .. Sam Day's dau

.3a) Merrill,   Wiley Brandon , b-1847 TX, in both Bourland's Regt and Well’s Battalion, Co E.

4a) Peebles,    John W. Peebles was the step-son of Elizabeth Merrill, the 2nd wife of Charles H. Peebles, listed in a Fannin Co TX militia.  Have not found him in the 1860 census.

.5a) Renner,    George Renner, lived next door to Wilhites in Ladonia.

. 6a, 7a) Wilhite, Wilhoit,   Wilhites of Ladonia, Fannin Co TX m-Col James Bourland's g-gdau .. Sam Day's gdau

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J.W.

 Papers mentioned in the following records.

Doomas Company and  J.W. Peebles

Bourland's Regiment  and/or   Wells' Battalion

"A slip which states see personal papers of J.W. Peebles (Doomas’ Co./Bourland’s Tx Cav). Also a reference slip to see Manuscript #3356 dated 22 Jun 64 referring to personal description of detailed conscript." was illegible.

Baggett, Abraham: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference card which states see Manuscript #3356, date 22 Jun 64, detailed conscript, also has personal description handwritten on card.

Brownfield, Samuel: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference card states see Manuscript #3356, 22 Jun 64, detailed conscript.

Floyd, W.A.: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference card which states see Manuscript #3356 dated 22 Jun 64, with note "personal description.

Jones, A.J.: A PVT in Co’A’/Good’s Bn. Jul 64 return states absent sick. A note which states see personal papers of J.W. Peebles, Doomas Co., Bourland’s Rgt Tx Cav.

McCampbell, J.H.: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference slip states see Manuscript #3356 which is dated 22 Jun 64 with notation "detailed conscript" & "Personal description".

McDowell, James: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference slip states see Manuscript #3356 dated 22 Jun 64 concerning personal description of detailed conscript.

Merrill, W[iley] B[brandon, Merrill, Jr.].: In Co’E’/Wells’ Rgt. Apr 65 muster states AWOL since 25 Feb 65. [This Wiley B. Merrill,. b-1845 TX was in Doomas’ Co, Bourland’s Regt.]

Nance, D. L. (or T). W.: A PVT in Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A slip which states see personal papers of J.W. Peebles (Doomas’ Co./Bourland’s Tx Cav). Also a reference slip to see Manuscript # 3356 dated 22 Jun 64 referring to personal description of detailed conscript. Both May & Jul 64 returns state detailed by order BG McCulloch. Most likely same as Nance, D.M.

Nixon, Thomas E.: In Co’B’/Good’s Bn. A reference card to see Manuscript#3356 dated 22 Jun 64 concerning personal description of detailed conscript.

Wright, -- (John R).: A PVT in Co’D’/Good’s Bn. May 64 return states absent w/ leave by order BG McCulloch. A reference slip for a Wright, J.R., Smith’s Co. [Note: Co’B’], Good’s Bn which states see personal papers of J.W. Peebles, Doomas’ Co., Bourland’s Rgt for a personal description of soldier. Likely, despite foregoing reference slip, same as Wright, C. below based on company assignment.

                      Manuscript No. 3356

Lt-Col. C. Good's men whose Compiled Service Records that mention

"Manuscript No. 3356."
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Baggett, Abraham
Brownfield, Samuel
Floyd, W.A.
Jones, A.J.
McCampbell, J.H.
McDowell, James
Merrill, Wiley Brandon, Jr.
Nance, D.L.W. or D.T.W.
Nixon, Thomas E.:
Wright, ---:

 

 

Bourland's Regt. men whose Compiled Service Records that mention

"Manuscript No. 3356".

Brown, P.P., in Capt. Anderson's Company
Hill, F.H., in Capt. Anderson's Company
Jackson, Alex, in Doomas? Company
Merrill, Rumsey L., in Doomas? Company
Merrill, Wiley Brandon, in Doomas? Company
Peebles, J.W., in Doomas? Company
Renner, George, in Doomas? Company
Wilhoit, Henry, in Doomas? Company
Wilhoit, Isaac, in Doomas? Company 
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Peebles in Bourland Papers

The references to "J.W. Peebles or Manuscript 3356, June 22, 1864" on the microfilm reels were found in the records of:

Brown, P.P., in Capt. Anderson's Company
Hill, F.H., in Capt. Anderson's Company
Jackson, Alex, in Doomas? Company
Merrill, Rumsey L., in Doomas? Company
Merrill, W., in Doomas? Company
Peebles, J.W., in Doomas? Company
Renner, George, in Doomas? Company
Wilhoit, Henry, in Doomas? Company
Wilhoit, Isaac, in Doomas? Company

Peebles, J.W. Peebles, Doomas’ Co, Jun 22, 64 (see Manuscript 3356), which I could not read.

Hill, F.M. Hill, Pvt, Anderson’s Co H, Bourland's Regt. (see J.W. Peebles Papers)

Doomas Co, Bourland’s Regt, (see J.W. Peebles Papers, writer could not read.)

Jackson, Alexander, Doomas’ Co, Jun 22, 64;  (see J.W. Peebles Papers, writer cannot read)

Peebles of the Hunt County area

Peebles, Alfred T., b-1827 KY; m-Jane, Tidwell Creek (Hunt Co, TST), A-138, A-152

Charles Holiday Peebles, b-1823 KY; m,2-Elizabeth Merrill; 1870 Hunt Co TX cen, p264, Honey Grove; Alexander's 34th Cav, Co I; CSA pens #01430 (Fannin Co, TST), A-148

Peebles, E. Bird Peebles, b-1841 TN; 1860 Lamar Co TX cen, p98 (Lamar Co, TST), A-111

Peebles, Jane, b-1828 IL; m-Alfred T. Peebles (Hunt Co TX), A-138

John W. Peebles, b-1843 IL KY TN; d-aft 1880 Klondike, Delta Co TX cen; m-Alsinia L. (Doomas' Co, Bourland's Regt), A-15, A-18, A-25, A-31, A-148

Peebles, Martin Sr., b-1841 IL; m-Martha J.; 1860 Hunt Co TX cen, p280, Tidwell Creek (Lt, Hunt Co, TST), A-138, A-151, A-153

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Pittman's words:

The unit was generally assigned to the protection and logistical support of the Confederate Indians in the Indian Territory, and had been recruited "exclusively for frontier defense" although it was a regular CSA unit.

Many of it's members (about half) were refugees who had escaped from Yankee held CO and other western states. In Feb 1863, It became Co. A of Well's Bn, but with essentially the same job which was part of Gen D. Cooper's command of Indian troops with some Whites. They fought at Prairie Grove in Dec. 1862 and Honey Springs in July 1863. Generally Co. A was either at or split between Ft Belknap and Arbuckle until the Fall of 1864 when they were absorbed in the enlarged Well's Regiment which finally surrendered at Hempstead, Tx in 1865. The rest of the Regiment fought from NE Okla and MO to LA during this time with the main Trans-Mississippi Army. 

Scanland's Co of c. 50-60 men usually had part (up to half) of the Co strength detailed individually to the CSA QM Dept as teamsters, blacksmiths, wheelwrights, herdsmen, "thresher mechanics," etc. in support of the refugee Confederate Indians at Ft Belknap and Ft. Arbuckle from 1863-5. Chickasaws and Seminoles were at Arbuckle (until its abandonment) and Caddos, Anadarkos, Wacos Tonkawas and pacified Comanches at Belknap. The soldiers received extra pay for these assignments. The Co was apparently the only regular CSA unit at the Forts in 1863-1864 and were regarded as the garrison. They also were active in chasing Comanche raiders when they struck, and operated against the "bush men" and renegade Unionists in north TX. They also had to police the friendly Indians who were prone to steal cattle and horses locally.   On at least two occasions the Co was used to strike across the Plains at the Santa Fe Trail.

 

Thomas Masoner was arrested with a large group of pro-CSA near Ft Wise en route to join the South in Oct 1861. They came from the gold camps or Denver and rendezvoused near Denver and Pueblo. They were part of a pro-Secesh underground there. There were about 40 (I have the list of names) who busted out of jail in Feb 1862 and went various ways but mostly South. Many to the Indian Territory and served in various hard to trace units until 1863. About a dozen ended up in Co A , Scandlan's Bn. Why is a very good question.

 

Questions:

 

Did any of these men serve in Indian units? I'd like to see your list of names if you're will to share it. I am aware of a group captured at Ft Wise, as I remember, and two escaped and eventually made their way to the headquarters of the 1st Cherokee Mtd Vols (Watie's) where they reported their ordeal. They apparently had Cherokee friends from the gold fields. One went on to Arkansas and the other to Georgia. This was in early 1863 that they passed through the Indian Territory.

... from the dates you give and the location this must be related to the Green Russell Party's arrest in Dec.1862. My reference was to a larger group organized in 1861 by the Secesh underground who headed to the South in Oct 1861.They were following an even larger group (led by Capt Joel McKee) who had made it to TX unmolested a little earlier.

Green Russell, from, Ga made the original gold finds in Co in 1855 or 56. He was the richest man in the Territory and had intermarried with a Cherokee family and had family in Ga and the Indian Territory. He and his brothers, 2 were physicians, were all well educated, wealthy men. They were all probably mixed bloods themselves. The Russells suffered considerable abuse at the hands of the Yankees in CO and finally fled with their families for the Indian Territory and their relatives there. The wagon train carrying the families was intercepted near Ft Wise (Lyon) by CO troops who enlisted a band of Comanches to help them. The Comanches were promised several captives to torture as part of their reward. Only their wealth and prominence saved them from a grisly death.  They were taken to Santa Fe but smallpox claimed the lives of several en route. They were finally released through the intercession of Gen James Carleton( Commanding in NM) who knew Russell in CA. Amazingly, their gold ($20,000-$40,000) was also restored to them because of Carleton.

So you see, we are looking at 2 different groups. I am very interested in the 2 that escaped and their later War careers. Any information will be appreciated. Some of these people may have returned to CO as guerrillas which is the topic I'm working on. I will supply whichever name list you desire. One of the members of the Green Russell party wrote an account of his experiences and I will be happy to send you a copy if you will send a snail-mail address by my personal email. It lists all their names.

In answer to your other question, Yes, some of these men served in Indian and mixed units. I strongly suspect that many were Indian or mixed bloods which may account for their brutal murders on Col Chivington's orders. But I lack much evidence.
 

The interest in the postwar careers of some of Co A is based on the disappearance of about $20,000 captured from a NM wagon train by Co A in June 1864. Did any of this ever show up in any form? It may actually be a lot less money. The figure comes from the man claiming it from the US Govt and he had no reason to give a lowball figure.


My sources are mostly the ORs and especially Gen Cooper's letters, the individual CSRs of the soldiers and a journal kept by an (unknown) member of the "Reynolds Gang" who raided into CO in 1864 and who all came from Co. A. It really isn't hard to trace the unit's movements by using the CSRs and ORs.

Manuscript No.3356 cited on vIp292 of my book

 

 

 

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 Patricia Adkins-Rochette        03/20/2013           prochette@Juno.com    

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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains