Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains
Arizona Brigade in North Texas
See a study of about fifteen CSA military units that patrolled North
Texas and Southern Indian Territory during the last 1-1/2 years of the Civil War
Founded in July 1862. John Robert Baylor founded the Arizona Brigade following a successful CSA invasion then a disastrous retreat. Some of these commanders, and men, were in more than one company of the Arizona Brigade by June 1865.
" ... It may be said that the term “Arizona Brigade” is a misnomer. It was formed for the invasion and recapture of the Confederate Territory of Arizona (which was lost to Union invaders in July 1862), and yet never once set foot in Arizona. The Regiments within the Brigade were unofficially known as “Arizona Cavalry Regiments,” and yet almost all the men within them were from Texas. And it was called the “Arizona BRIGADE,” and yet never fought together as a Brigade...its Regiments were detailed to other Brigades instead. ...". per Robert P. Perkins http://members.tripod.com/~azrebel/page14.html and the Confederate Hist. Assn. of Belgium, by Serge Nairsaim (translated by G. Hawkins) http://www.chab-belgium.com/pdf/english/Arizona%20Brigade.pdf
1st Arizona Brigade, Peter C. Hardeman commanded the 1st TX Cav-Ariz Brig toward the end of the War ... then 2d TX Cav-Ariz Brigade; Col. William Polk "Gotch" Hardeman served with Silbey and led the 1st TX Arizona Brigade when his cousin Peter C. Hardeman took ill; 185, A-7, A-8, A-7, A-8, A-5, A-345, A-343, A-344, A-346, 191, 170, 167
Editor's note: TX 1st Partisan Rangers Cavalry: Major Wm. Patton Saufley, F&S; ... Company A: Capt Henry Kennedy (also Capt in Co F in 3d Ariz Brig); ... Company B: Capt Thomas J. Johnson; ... Company C: Capt J.M. Hewitt; ... Company D: Capt W.C. Lilley, Co D; ... Company E: Capt. James Henry Tevis; ... Company F: Capt Robert B. Hally, Halley (also Capt in Co G, 2d AZ Brig). ... (149 men in TX 1st Partisan Rangers Cavalry [Arizona NOT in title] per American Civil War Research Database).
From Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. Saufley's Scouting Battalion, Texas Cav. (TX 1st Partisan Rangers, was Gurley's 30th TX Cav). No description. ... 149 men in Saufley's Scouting Battalion, Texas Cav. per the nps.gov/cwss database).
2nd Arizona Brigade, 2nd TX Cav Regt commanders: Lt-Col. George Wythe Baylor; Lt-Col. John W. Mullen;Lt-Col. Peter C. Hardeman's TX; Major Sherrod Hunter, Major W.J. Moffitt, Major Samuel G. Ragsdale. (674 men, disbanded Feb 31, 1863, Eastern Dist, Dist. of TX, NM, AZ and sent to the Northern Sub-Dist., Bonham TX... Ragsdale's Battn also known as 1st, 2d, 4th Battn, Ariz. Brig as well as Davidson's and Daley's Battn TX Cav ):
... Company A: Capt. Peter C. Hardeman; Capt. George A. King; ... Company B: composed of refugees from Colorado and New Mexico Territory ... Capt. Lev Sutherland; Capt. Thomas E. Hogg (also Pvt in Co C of TX 3d Cav-South TX Mtd Vols); Capt. John A. Sowers; .... Company C: Capt. James H. Price; ... Company D: Capt. Frank V. Hogan (also Cpl in Co D, Pyron's 2d Cav; Pvt in Co F of R.T.P. Allen's 17th Inf.); Capt. Abner P. Swisher; Capt. Jerry C. Wilkins; ... Company F: Capt Robert Boyce; ... Company G: Capt Robert B. Halley/Hally (also Capt Co F in TX 1st Partisan Rangers); ... Company H: Capt. Duncan C. Carrington (also Capt in Co D, 6th TX Battn Cav); ... Company I: Capt. R.H.D. Sorrel, Co I (also Capt in Co G, Griffin's TX Inf. Battn); ... Company K: Capt. Ben E. McCulloch, Co K; Capt Arch McFarland, Co K. ... Also, later Col. George Wythe Baylor in Pyron's 2nd TX Cav-Mtd Rifles-2d Arizona Brigade, CSA, A-7, A-45, A-7, 279, A-239, A-272, A-8, A-6, A-5, A-343, A-7 ... (674 men in the 2nd TX Cavalry Battn, TX 2nd Bn AZ Brig Cav (Arizona IS in title) per American Civil War Research Database)
Editor's note: Captains in Lt-Col. Peter C. Hardeman's "TX Hardeman's Arizona Cavalry (674 men)": Company A, Grayson Co: D. W. Baker; ... Company B, Lavaca Co: John B. Pulliam; ... Company C, Fannin Co: John H. Damron; ... Company D: Frank D. Wells (d-Apr 10, 1864); R.H. Stone; ... Company E, Lamar Co: J.W. Head; Henry B. King; ... Company F: Columbus, Colorado Co: Wm. W. Ferrill; Company F. Harrisburg, Harris Co: William Gatewood Welch; ... Company G, Houston Co: Wm. Wortham; ... Company no letter: John Quinn: ... F&S: Major Michael Looscan.
LOOSAN, Michael Loosan, b-1838 Ireland; 1860 Cherokee Co TX cen p448; Hawpe's-Malone's-Looscan's 31st Cav, Co's H & I or "Marshall's Squad" became Co H of Martin's 5th Part Ran Cav Cav (Maj, 31st Hawpe's Cav, Hardeman's 1st TX Cav Regt-AZ Brig, CSA)
Editor's note: The data below has to be woven with the data above. Yes.
From Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. 2nd Regiment, Texas Cavalry (2nd Mounted Rifles). 2nd Cavalry Regiment, about 1,200 strong, was organized in May, 1861, under the designation of the 2nd Texas Mounted Rifles. It was reorganized in April, 1862, as the 2nd Cavalry Regiment. The men were recruited in San Antonio, Houston, Marshall, and Beeville, and the counties of Anderson, Houston, Nacogdoches, and Cherokee. Serving in the Trans-Mississippi Department, it was active in various conflicts in the New Mexico Territory and Louisiana, then saw action in the defense of Galveston. In November, 1862, the unit totaled 752 effectives, had 19 officers and 167 men in July, 1864, and about 150 present in April, 1865. Although it was included in the surrender on June 2, it had previously disbanded. The field officers were Colonels John S. Ford and Charles L. Pyron; Lieutenant Colonels John R. Baylor and James Walker; and Majors John Donelson, Matthew Nolan, William A. Spencer, and Edward Waller, Jr. .... (2,587 men in Pyron's 2nd Regiment, Texas Cavalry (2nd Mounted Rifles) in the nps.gov/cwss database).
Editor's note: Samuel G. Ragsdale was Lt in this org. then became Major in ..... [McCulloch's] 1st Regiment, Texas Cavalry (1st Mounted Riflemen) ... 1st (McCulloch's) Regiment Mounted Rifles was organized with about 1,000 men in May, 1861, and served in the Department of Texas on the frontier. In April, 1862, the unit was reduced to five companies and redesigned as the 8th Texas Cavalry Battalion. Its commanders were Colonel Henry E. McCulloch, Lt- Col. Thomas C. Frost, and Majors James B. Barry and Ed. Burleson.
3rd Arizona Brigade., 3rd TX Cav Regt commanders: Col. George T. Madison; Col. Joseph Phillips; Lt-Col. Alonzo Ridley (enl. as Capt Oct 1861 Warren Co KY); Major Geo M. Frazer, A-45, A-8, A-7, A-6 ... (626 menin the 3th Regt, TX Cav, [Arizona IS in the title] per American Civil War Research Database).
Editor's note: ... Company A: Capt. H.S. Bowles, Co A; ... Company B: Capt, George W. Durant (also Capt in Maxey's 9th Inf, Co K); Capt. McGee, Co B (d-at Ft Delaware, 3 men named Magee in Co B named F., F.M., and P.T. Magee); Capt. James Martin; ... Company D, of Burnet Co TX: Capt. Reuben W. McKee plus Lt Valentine Fry; Lt. Wm. R. Lilley (all from Burnet Co TX); ... Company E: Capt. Henry H. Hall (also Pvt in Looscan's 31st Cav, Co A); Capt. John W. Hendricks; ... Company F: Capt. Henry Kennedy (also Saufley's 1st Partisan Rangers); ... Company G: Capt. Phleming D. Turner (also Pvt in Co C, Ragsdale's TX Cav, 4th Ariz Brig).
Madison's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Jos. Phillips' 3rd Regiment, Arizona Brigade). No description. ... (736 men in Madison's Regiment, Texas Cavalry, Phillips' [3rd Regt, Ariz Brigade] in the nps.gov/cwss database)
4th Arizona Brigade., 4th TX Cav Regt commanders: Col. Spruce McCoy Baird; Col. Wm. Polk Hardeman; Col. Marinus Heuvel; Col. John Robert Baylor (also Capt of Co I "Ladies' Rangers"); Lt-Col. Daniel Showalter; Maj/Lt-Col. Sam G. Ragsdale; Major Finis Ewing Kavanaugh; Major Edward Riordan (also Pvt in Co F, TX 1st Heavy Artillery); A.H. Davidson of [S.G.] Ragsdale's Battn Cav, Spruce McCoy Baird's Regt., 4th Ariz. Brig.; Col. John Reily, Riley, Rily, Co B. This 4th Arizona Brigade patrolled mostly on the North and West Frontier. 166, 167, 185, 170, 185, 204, 296, A-6, A-7, A-8, A-11, A-12, A-17, A-19, A-25, A-29, A-45, A-260, A-276, A-344 ... (661 men in the TX 4th AZ Brig Cavalry (4th Regt, TX Cav) per American Civil War Research Database). .... (1,480 men per American Civil War Research Database)
Editor's note: ... Company A: Capt. Thos A. Wilson, Co A; ... Company B (of Bell County): Capt. W.S. Rather, Co B; ... Company C: Capt. J. W. Butler, Co C; ... Company D: Capt. Amzi Bradshaw, Co D; Capt. Charles F. Cline, Co D; Capt. W.J. Stokes, Co D; ... Company E: Capt. Ben Frank Ellis, Co E; Capt. Henry LeKaester, Co E; ... Company F: Capt. James Murray. Crosson, Co F; Capt. H.G. Little, Co F; Capt. James E. Winston, Co F; Capt. G.W. Graves, Co G; ... Company Co H: Capt. Pablo B. Alderete, Co H (also Capt in Co C); T.D. Sanders, Co H; ... No Company Listed: Capt. Edward F. Conway; A.C. Jones; Capt. W.R.T. Thompson.
"This is taken from unit information of Ragsdale's Battn. 1st Co. A of Ragsdale's Battn. was formally called 1st Co. A and then 1st H, 4th. 2nd, and 1st Battns. (A.H. Davidson's Battn. Arizona Brig., Davidson's Battn. and Daly's Battn.) This Co. then known as Co A Daly's Battn. was transferred to Benavides Regt. TX Cav per SO 104 Hdqts. Dept of Texas dated April 13, 1864. It was then known as George A. Gibson's Co. and as Co. D." sent by Mike Glen Thompson ..... George A. Gibson, Sgt in Co F, E, TX 3rd Infantry (of Bexar Co TX), then Capt of Co A of Ragsdale's Regt, later Capt Co D in Benavides Regt
Cooke Co TX. Capt. T.A. Wilson and Capt. W.S. Rather (of Bell Co TX) were with Col. Daniel Showalter patrolling Cooke County TX during the Comanche raid of Dec 1863. Capt. Henry LeKaester of Company E, in Showalter's 4th TX Cav. Regt. is mentioned five (5) times in Bourland's Regimental records.
Editor's note: The data below has to be woven with the data above. Yes.
From Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. 4th Regiment, Texas Cavalry (4th Mounted Volunteers). 4th Cavalry Regiment was organized with about 1,000 men during the late summer of 1861. Its members were from Gonzales, San Antonio, Bonham, Austin, Livingston, Crockett, and Alto, and Milam and Parker counties. The unit served in the Army of New Mexico, then was assigned to Green's and Hardeman's Brigade, Trans-Mississippi Department. It saw action in numerous conflicts in Louisiana and reported 28 casualties at Cox's Plantation and 6 at Bayou Bourbeau. The unit was ordered to Hampstead, Texas, during the spring of 1865 and soon disbanded. The field officers were Colonels William P. Hardeman and James Reily, Lieutenant Colonels G. J. Hampton and William R. Scurry, and Majors Charles M. Mesueur [Lesueur] and Henry W. Raguet. .... not stated, this company was at Glorieta Pass NM ..... (2,257 men in 4th Cav. Regt. in the nps.gov/cwss database).
Editor's note: Captains in this 4th Regt TX Cav. per CWSS: ... Company A: Lenford Stephenson; William Polk Hardeman (later Lt-Col, Col, Brig-Gen); ... Company B: Elsbury R. Lane; John Rily/Reily; Andrew J. Scarborough; Jonathan Nix; ... Company C: Henry Edmund Loebnitz; Ferdinand A. Fenner; Charles Carroll Linn; Maj Smith Ragsdale, George James Hampton (later Maj. and Lt-Col); ... Company D: Charles M. Lesueur (later Maj and Col); ... Company E: Joseph H. Long; Charles B. Buckholts; James Murray Crosson; ... Company G: Marinus Heuvel; Julius Giesecke; ... Company H: William L. Alexander; Benjamin L. Rusk; S B. Farrar; John F. F. Doherty; ... Company I: J P. Stevenson; J M. Odell; D. A. Nunn; W J. Jones; R T. C. Gillbreath; ... Company K: Clinton G. Henry; William W. Foard.
Arizini, arizina. The Union password "arizini" was prevalent during the October 1862 Great Hanging era in the Gainesville TX area, because the "Arizona" exploits dominated the headlines, 136
Baird's [Colonel Spruce McCoy Baird] 4th Cav Regt (1814 Barren Co KY-1872 now Colfax Co NM) m-1848 Emicetta Bowdry; 1860 Bernalillo Co NM cen p160; Santa Fe NM judge in 1848; Navajo Indian Agent in 1852; Col, Baird organized 4th Arizona Brigade, then commanded TX 4th Cav, Co E, 4th Arizona Brig.; Major in Ragsdale's TX Battn Cavalry; one S.M. Baird is listed as "a striker in the smith shop" from Sep 1864 - Nov 1864 in Bourland's Border Regt. (Pvt, Co E, Bourland's Regt), 166, 167, 185, 277, A-6, A-7, A-8, A-10, A-29, A-260, A-276
Baylor's[Colonel George Wythe Baylor] 2nd TX Cav Regt-Arizona Brigade (1832 Ft Gibson, I.T.-1916) 1860 Park cen p431, occupation: "Indian killer"; Pyron's 2d TX Cav, 1st Lt, Co H, later called Pyron's 2d TX Cav-Mtd Rifles, 1st Lt, Co H, most recruits from Parker Co TX area (Col, 2d TX Regt, Arizona Brigade, CSA), 185, A-6, A-7, A-8, A-45, A-239, A-272 ... see his biography on:
Baylor [Colonel John Robert Baylor] (1823 Bourbon Co KY-1894 Uvalde Co TX) m-1844 Harrison Co TX to Emily Hanna; 1860 Parker Co TX cen p431; ... founded Jul 1862 the Arizona Brigade of the 2d TX Cav-Mtd Rifles following a successful CSA invasion; ... in Jul 1862 Baylor was part the 2d TX Cav-Mtd Rifles that became Pyron's 2nd TX Cav-Mtd Rifles (2d Arizona Brigade); ... self-appointed Governor of the Confederate Territory of Arizona & New Mexico (Nov 8, 1862) later confirmed by CSA Government; in Texas in 1863 , John R. Baylor, began recruiting a regiment to strike the Santa Fe Trail and carry the war back into New Mexico; (2d Lt, Co I, "Baylor's Ladies' Rangers," [164 men] 2nd TX Cav-Mtd Rifles, CSA), 149, 152, 156, 174, 179, 181, 182, 183, 184, 193, 196, 198, 199, 200, 206, 207, 208, 213, 238, A-5, A-6, A-8, A-45, A–102, A–207, A-239, A–265, A-272, A–380, A–463
Chisum's [Colonel Isham Russell Chisum (1813 Covington Co MS-1884 Bandera Co TX, Vanderpool Cem) son of Permelia Roberts & Isham Russell Chisum; m-1841 Nacogdoches Co TX to Charlotte Martin, 9 ch; 1860 Kaufman Co TX cen p42; 2d TX Partisan Rangers; .... Capt Isham Chisum's Co F of Greer's 3d TX Cav. ... B.W. Stone's 6th Cav. ... Stone's 2d TX Partisan Rangers, also called Chisum's Regt Dismounted Cav; sometimes referred to as part of the Arizona Brigade (Col., 2d TX Partisan Rangers, CSA), A-45
Crump's [Lt-Colonel Richard Phillip Crump] 2d TX Cav Regt; 1825 VA-1869 Oakwood Cem, Marion Co TX; m-Martha A.; Lane's 1st TX Cav, Crumps' Cav-1st Partisan Rangers-Arizona Brig (Maj, Marion Co, TST), A-45
Daly, Andrew Daly, Daley, b-1809 Ireland; m-Eliz; 1860 Harris Co TX cen p394 (Lt-Col, S.G. Ragsdale's-Daly's 4th TX Cav Battn, 4th Arizona Brigade, CSA)
Damron [Capt. John Henry Dameron] in Hardeman's 1st Cav Regt-2d TX Cav-Arizona Brigade; (1825 IL-1917 Zephyr Cem, Brown Co TX) m,1-Mary Eliz Melugin, m,2-1872 Grayson Co TX to Nancy Blanton; 1860 Fann Co TX cen (Co C, Bourland Regt), A-343, 191, A-344, A-345, A-346
Davidson's [Lt-Colonel A.H. Davidson] 1st TX Cav Regt; b-1817 NC; m-R.T.; 1860 Colorado Co TX cen p140; Sam G. Ragsdale's 1st TX Cav-Arizona Brig ... transferred May 30, 1863 to CSA office in Bonham TX (Lt-Col, 1st Ariz Brig, transferred 1863 to Northern Sub-Dist of TX, CSA), 170
Duff's [Colonel James Duff] 33d TX Cavalry (b-c1828 Scotland) m-1856 Young Co TX to Harriet Paul; helped move TX Indians in 1859 to Indian Territory; ... Saufley's Scouting Battn Cav, Company E of the Arizona Brigade Scouts, was reported as detached Jan-Feb 1864 to Col. James Duff’s 33rd Texas Cavalry that was given the assignment of scouting in the vicinity of Port Lavaca near Indianola, Calhoun Co TX (Col, Duff's 33d TX Cav, 14th TX Partisan Rangers, CSA), 253, 255, 269, 271, 272, 275, A-5, A-6, A-7, A-8, A-45, A-363
Frazer's [Major George Milton Frazer] 3d TX-Arizona Regt in Louisiana; (b-1828 TN-1893 Reeves Co TX) m-1858 in Arizona Terr to Mary Edgar. Mex War. Capt of Ariz. Rangers to protect settlers from Apaches.
Green's [Thomas Green]. Thos Green (1814 Amelia-Buckingham Co VA-1864 Blairs Landing LA) Key is that Thos Green served with Gen H.H. Sibley at Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory, hence the prevalent Arizona Brigade moniker.
Hardeman's [Col. Peter C. Hardeman], commanded the 1st TX Cav-Ariz Brig toward the end of the War ... then 2d TX Cav-Ariz Brigade; Peter C. Hardeman (1831 Ruth Co TN-1882 Cilla, Brazil) m-1850 Caldwell Co TX to Nancy Carol Keese; cousin to H.P. Hardeman who org. the 1st AZ Brig; Peter served the Red River area (Col, Hardeman's 1st TX Cav, AZ Brig, CSA), 167, 170, 185, 191, A-7, A-8, A-5, A-34, A-343, A-344, A-345
Hardeman's [Col. Wm. Polk "Gotch" (1816 Wmson Co TN-1882 Austin TX) m,1-Rebecca Bailey, m,2-Sarah Hamilton; arrived 1835 TX; org. both 1st & 4th AZ Brig (Col, 1st, 4th Cav-AZ Brig, TX CSA) ... [served with Silbey and led the 1st TX Arizona Brigade when his cousin Peter C. Hardeman took ill; .... then after Col. James Reily's death he commanded 4th TX Mounted Volunteers Cavalry-1st Arizona Brigade then 4th Arizona Brigade;(Colonel in 1st TX Cavalry Regt-Arizona Brigade; then Colonel in 4th TX Cav-Arizona Brigade, promoted on Mar 17, 1865 to CSA Staff), A-7, A-8
Hunter's [Major Sherod Hunter (1834 Lincoln Co TN-disappeared in Mexico) 2nd TX Regt - (G.W. Baylor's 2d TX Cav, 2d Arizona Brigade, later Pyron's 2nd Cav-Mtd Rifles, CSA), A-5, A-343
Ladies' Rangers, was also known as Company I of commanded by Captain John Robert Baylor of Lt-Col. Pyron's 2d TX Cav-Mtd Rifles, 2d Arizona Brigade ("Ladies' Rangers" is mentioned four times in the Official Record, also see more about Ladies' Rangers), A-102
Le Kaester, Le Kaesler, Capt Henry LeKaester of Company E, Baird's-Showalter's 4th TX Cav, 4th Arizona Brig; Major Finis Ewing Kavanaugh [b-1832 MO] of Baird's Regt ordered Oct 9, 1864 the arrest of LeKaester, but LeKaester was recorded in Jul 1864 and Dec 1864 in Bourland's Regimental returns; one of his privates, J.W. Francis (listed as G.W. Francis) deserted then re-enlisted Nov 6, 1863 in the Confederate Brush Battalion. Col. Bourland transferred five (5) men to Capt. H. LeKaester's Company E. (Capt, Company E, Baird's 4th TX Cav Regt, Arizona Brigade, CSA), A-25, A-11, A-12, A-17, A-19, 296, A-344
Madison's [Colonel George T. Madison] 3rd TX Cav-3d Arizona Brigade, formerly commanded by Col. Joseph Phillips, A-45
Majors'[Major James Patrick Majors] Scouting Battalion, 1st Texas Partisan Ranger Regt, Arizona Brigade Scouts Company E, A-45
Martin, L.M. On February 6th 1863 at Fort Washita, I.T. Brig-Gen Albert Pike consolidated the 10th Texas Cavalry Battalion (commanded by Colonel L.M. Martin) and the 9th Texas Cavalry Battalion Partisans (commanded by Major John L. Randolph) to form the 5th Partisan Rangers. ... not referenced as part of the Arizona Brigade. pA-342
Phillips' [Colonel Joseph Phillips] 3rd TX Cav Regt-Arizona Brig, formerly commanded by Col. G.T. Madison, A-45
Pyron's [Colonel Charles Lynn Pyron] 2d TX Cav-2d Ariz Brig; (1819 Marion Co AL-1869 Bexar Co TX) m-1849 Calhoun Co TX to Octavia Caroline Smith; Pyron joined Jun 23, 1840 the Constantine Masonic Lodge in Warren, Fannin County TX .. not referenced as part of Arizona Brigade. One of his majors was Ed Waller (Col, Pyron's 2d TX Cav-Mtd Rifles, James E. Slaughter, 7th TX Brig), A-272, A-433
Ragsdale's [Major Samuel G. Ragsdale] of the 2d TX Cav. Regt., Arizona Brigade (962 men per American Civil War Research Database) that was transferred May 30. 1863 to Northern Sub-District of TX in Bonham, Fannin Co, CSA; from Jan 1, 1865 to Mar 31, 1865, Ragsdale's TX Cav Battn that was stationed in Bonham TX and the chain of command was
1) commanded by Brig-Gen. H. E. McCulloch; the Eastern Sub-Division
2) commanded by Brig-Gen. P.O. Hébert; the Central Sub-Division
3) commanded by Brig-Gen. Thos F. Drayton, and the Western Sub-Division
4) by Brig-Gen. Jas E. Slaughter. per ORserIvol48/1[S#101]p1370.
Editor’s note: Lt.-Col. A.H. Davidson of the [S.G.] Ragsdale’s 1st Cavalry Battn, Arizona Brigade, stationed in Colorado Co TX, was ordered on May 30, 1863 to the Northern Sub-Dist., Trans-Mississippi Dept. in Bonham. Gen. Magruder’s Jun 26, 1863 letter to Brig-Gen. E. K. Smith outlines the soldiers of the Arizona Brigade that are in his command.per ORsIv26/2[S#42]p85.
Editor's note: Ragsdale's TX Cav Battn: Lt-Col. A.H. Davidson; Major Spruce M. Baird: Major Wm. L. Davidson (enlisted in Co B): ... Company A: S.T. Seawell (1860 Calhoun Co TX cen) ... (Lt Dan B. Tobin, Lt Isaac Williams) ... Company B: Llewellen Robison; Thomas L. Wilson (Lt B.J. Sanford; Lt. T.J. Swinson; Lt. Frederick M. Trimble) ... Company C: Pablo Alderete; Andrew Daly [Capt of Co C then Lt-Col]; William J. Howerton. ... Company D: John W. Slayton; Jesse M. Ragsdale (Capt of D then F) (Lt Geo W. West) ... Company E: Capt Thos B. Wheeler; Capt John Q. Dougherty. ... Company F: James E. Gray
W.F. Guthrie mentioned "Lt. Dan B. Tobin" in his 1929 article.
Rather, W.S., of Bell County. was with Showalter in Dec 1863 Cooke Co TX.
Saufley's [Major William Patton Saufley]; 1st Texas Partisan Ranger Regt-Arizona Brigade Scouts composed of men from 2d and 3d TX Cav Regt-2d and 3d Arizona Brigade; 1854 mayor of Jefferson, Marion Co TX (Brig-Gen, 7th Militia Brigade, TST), A-45
Scurry, W.R. Scurry and H. Ragnet, CSA commanders at Glorieta Pass
Showalter's[Lt-Col Daniel Showalter] TX 4th AZ Battn Cavalry (1830 Greene Co PA-1866 Mazatlan, Mexico of lockjaw result of a bar fight) had brother Elihu Showalter; miner in CA, state legislator; postwar ran a Mazatlan hotel. .. 9) Showalter's 4th TX Cav, 4th Arizona Brigade (50 men per ORsIv53[S#111]p378, McCulloch to Turner, Nov 1, 1863); (661 men, no date, per American Civil War Research Database). (Lt-Col, Baird's TX 4th AZ Battn Cav, CSA), 204, 171, 185, 204, 214, A-5
Sibley, Henry Hopkins (1816 Natchitoches LA-1886 Spotsylvania Co VA). CSA Gen. Sibley's Texans beat a Union force of Colorado "Pikes Peakers" on March 28, 1862 in the Battle of Glorieta Pass (now Santa Fe Co NM), but by the end of April, the CSA lost their entire supply train and horses to raiding parties, abandonment, and sacrificial burning. Sibley retreated to Texas, having lost a third of his 2,500 men on the way back to San Antonio, Texas (his brigade had been 3,700 strong). Sibley's sister was married to Union Gen. E.R.S. Canby and cared for wounded CSA Texans, etc., a bone of contention for Union soldiers.)
Stone [Barton Warren Stone]. Isham Chisum's 2d TX Partisan Rangers was initially called Stone's 2d TX Partisan Rangers, but the listing of Stone's 6th TX Cav. does not name the same men as Chisum's 2d TX Partisan Rangers.
Terrell, Alexander Watkins Terrell (1827 Patrick Co VA-1912 Travis Co TX) also commanded 1st Ariz Brig, 32d Cav, 34th Cav, 36th Cav, and Likens' Cav (Col, 37th Cav, CSA) ... See "Terry's TX Cav, AZ Brig" below:
West, John Stephenson, Major assistant commissary of subsistence. John Stephenson West , b-1828 NYC; m-1866 Colorado Co TX to Mary Eliz Naille Robson; Ariz. Brig until transferred Jul 9, 1863 to North Sub-Dist in Bonham TX (Major, Chief Commissary, TX CSA)
Wilson, Thomas A. Wilson, b-1832 TN, widow mom in TN (Capt, Co A, Baird's-Showalter's 4th Regt, AZ Brig, CSA) ... Sep 1864 at Ringgold Barracks. personal interview, see ORsIv50/1[S#105]p36.
Terry's TX Cavalry, Arizona Brigade
Judge David S. Terry had unsuccessfully tried in May 1862 to raise 1500 troops in California to reinforce the Confederate cause in Arizona. per Kerby's Confederate Invasion of New Mexico and Arizona, 1861-1862, p119. ...... A.W. Terrell's Texas Cavalry is sometimes confused with Col Benjamin Terry's [killed Dec 1861 in KY] [8th TX Cav (Terry's Texas Rangers, CSA)] or Ben's brother's David S. Terry's Texas Cavalry, Arizona Brigade (469 men) formed in mid-1864, which is listed under Saufley's Regt in Fold3 (same as Baylor's Ladies Rangers, 2d Mtd, Co I). Three separate units.
Wells' Battn was incorrectly sometimes called the 34th Texas Cavalry. There was an officially designated unit with this number and there appears to have been no relationship between the two regiments. Another Texas Cavalry Regiment - Terrell's - was also incorrectly known as the 34th Cav.
Morgan's Battn (not part of the Arizona Brigade)
Since the evolution of Morgan's Regt. is so confusing, this description was abstracted from the Handbook of Texas. .... Charles Leroy Morgan (1840 Bastrop Co TX-1924 Runnels Co TX), a Lt in 8th TX Cav, known as Terry's TX Rangers, CSA, until Dec 1861. When Darnell's 18th TX Cav org. spring 1862, he enlisted in bro's, Hiram S. Morgan's, company and was elected Major. Darnell's 18th TX was among those CSA units captured at Arkansas Post in Jan 1863, but Morgan was not with the 18th Regt. By Sep 1862 he had command of an independent squadron of around 150 men that grew into a regiment, which was attached to Parsons' 12th TX Cav. Brig.; served AR, MO, and LA.
The following was posted by
The men of Morgan's Battn are hard to follow. Some were called Morgan's men but in name only. Most fought under different leaders and most never even met Morgan or fought with him. The different companies usually listed their company commanders as as their unit rather than use numerical names. Reason for this was because there Company designation was used often more than once.
Morgan's Battn consisted of two Co. A's, one Co. B, one Co. C, two Co. D's, three Co. E's, two Co. F's, two Co. G's, one Co. H, one Co. I, and one Co. K. Most never even fought with each other. These men where made up from units of the 15th, 17th, and 18th after reaching Arkansas and some ended up with other units. per Anne J. Bailey's book.
James E. Williams'
note: I have documentation that it was
Company B of Morgan's Squadron, Texas Cavalry by July
29, 1862. It was later shown as Company A of that unit. Morgan's Squadron
became Morgan's Battalion on November 23, 1863. It was increased to a
regiment in late
1864 or early
1865. It was part of Parsons' Brigade which disbanded in Robertson County,
Texas in May
1865. per James E. Williams
1863 February. per ORsIvL/1[S#106]p333. Feb 21, 1863 enclosure to Mar 2, 1863 Special Orders 81.
Orders Relating To Operations On The Pacific Coast From July 1, 1862, To June 30, 1865
HOUSTON, March 2, 1863
General S. COOPER,
SIR: The within is a copy of the authority granted Governor [J.R.] Baylor to raise a brigade.(*) Finding these troops organized into battalions according to within authority, and having been directed by the Secretary of War to take steps to recover Arizona, I have continued these organizations and consolidated them into regiments according to the inclosed order with a view of curtailing superfluous officers and rendering the troops more effective. BeforeGovernor Baylor was relieved these troops were raised and formed into battalions. I have done this with the view of winning back Arizona, if the events on the Mississippi should justify it, and keeping the troops in readiness for the defense of the coast should the enemy be successful on the Mississippi.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. B. MAGRUDER,
[Inclosure.] SPECIAL ORDERS No. 81.
DIST. OF TEX., N. MEX., AND ARIZ.,
III. Several changes having been made in the details of the organization of the Arizona Brigade, as announced in Special Orders, No. 74 (February 14), paragraph XII, the following is published as the final organization:
First Regiment to be formed from the Arizona Brigade is to be composed of what is known as Hardeman's battalion of six companies, and Captains Wood, Moody, Reuben Winchester McKee, and Quinn's companies, with the following field and staff, respectively: William P. Hardeman, colonel; Peter Hardeman, lieutenant-colonel; Michael Looscan, major; Silas Hare, captain and assistant quartermaster; James Magoffin, captain and assistant commissary of subsistence; D. Waverly Lewis, lieutenant and adjutant; Hamilton Bradford, surgeon.
Second Regiment from the Arizona Brigade to be composed of what is known as G. W. Baylor's battalion, two companies of Mullen's battalion, and Captains Anderson and Caffey's companies, with the following field and staff, respectively: George Wythe Baylor, colonel; John W. Mullen, lieutenant-colonel; Sherod Hunter, major; Francis J. Mullen, captain and assistant quartermaster; William H. Lloyd, captain and assistant commissary of subsistence; Thomas E. Hogg, lieutenant and adjutant; William Madison, surgeon.
Third Regiment of this brigade is to be composed of what is known as Madison's battalion, with Captains Faucett and Hendricks' companies, and such other companies as may hereafter be assigned to it, with the following field and staff, respectively: Joseph Phillips, colonel; George T. Madison, lieutenant-colonel; Alonzo Ridley, major; William D. Kirk, captain and assistant quartermaster; Robert G. Turner, captain and assistant commissary of subsistence; Thomas W. English, lieutenant and adjutant; William R. Robinson, surgeon; Andrew J. Hay, assistant surgeon.
Fourth Regiment of this brigade is to be formed in Arizona and New Mexico, with the following field officers: Spruce McCoy Baird, colonel; Dan Showalter, lieutenant-colonel; Ed. Riordan, major.
First Battalion of the Arizona Brigade is to be composed of what is known as Davidson's battalion, to be commanded by Alexander Hamilton Davidson, who will be recommended for the position of lieutenant-colonel of this battalion when the battalion shall be increased to six companies; C.L. Martin, lieutenant and adjutant. In addition to which the brigade staff' will be as follows: Maj. J. C. Stafford, quartermaster; Maj. John S. West, assistant commissary of subsistence (replaced by C.H. Merritt); Capt. C.R. Benton, ordnance officer; Capt. Walker Wheeler, assistant adjutant-general; Dr. J. F. Matchet, brigade surgeon.
The above is subject to the sanction of the President, to whom the officers will be recommended for commission.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. Bankhead Magruder:
STEPHEN D. YANCEY, Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
1863 June. ORsIv26/2[S#42]pp84-85. ... GENERAL ORDERS No. 100, from Gen. J.B. Magruder, Hdqts. Dist., Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, Houston, Texas, June 25, 1863. The following will be the field organization of the troops of the Northern Sub-District, headquartered in Bonham TX. (Keep in mind that this organization changed every three months. See a drastic change in the Editor's note below.)
FIRST DIVISION, commanded by Brig.-Gen. H. P. Bee, headquarters, Brownsville, Tex.
FIRST DIVISION, Second Brigade, commanded by Col. and Acting Brig. Gen. S. P. Bankhead; headquarters, Bonham, Tex.
1) Hardeman's Regt, Texas cavalry, Hardeman’s (P.C.) Cavalry Battn - [Hawpe’s] 31st Cav.
Definition: 31st [T.C. Hawpe’s - F.J. Malone’s-Looscan’s] Cavalry .....(see 1st and 4th Arizona Brigade above).
2) Gurley's regiment, Texas cavalry.... 30th TX Cav
3) Terrell's regiment, Texas cavalry .... 37th TX Cav
4) Krumbhaar's battery mountain howitzers.
7) Six companies Texas State troops (infantry).
1864 April. ... ORsIv34/3[S#63]p800 ... Apr 22, 1864 returns (Bonham TX)
Unattached cavalry, Capt. Arch. McFarland. 2 64 68 93 65
(reassigned Dec 1864 from Bourland's Regt to P.C. Hardeman's 1st TX Cav.)
Baird's regiment cavalry, Col. S.M. Baird ... private Sep-Nov 1864 in Bourland's Regt
Unattached cavalry, Capt. J.B. Anderson ... Co I in Bourland's Regt
Unattached cavalry, Capt. S.P.C. Patton ... Co G in Bourland's Regt
5th Texas Partisan Rangers, Col. L.M. Martin
1864 August. ... ORsIv412[S# 84]p1098
Abstract from the return of the Northern Sub. District of Texas, Brig. Gen. Henry E. McCulloch commanding for the month of August, 1864.
O Officers. A Aggregate present. M Men. B Aggregate present and absent. P Present for duty. C Pieces of field artillery. ---P------ Command. O M A B C
General headquarters 9 4 13 13 .... ..... (in Bonham, Fannin Co TX)
33d Texas Cavalry (Col. James Duff) 29 601 719 869 ....
Border Regiment Texas Cavalry (Col. James Bourland) 37 472 534 856 ....
Good's Battalion Texas Cavalry (Col. Chaplin Good) 14 198 234 338 .... Wells' Battn
15th Texas Cavalry (Col. George H. Sweet) 10 105 179 296 ....
McCulloch Rangers*** (Capt. Arch. McFarland) 2 61 70 89 ....
McCulloch's Rangers (John Stokes McCulloch) originally Archibald McFarland's Rangers, a vestige of Baylor's 2d Cav,
Co's I, K, Arizona Brigade
Bone's Company Cavalry (Capt. John W. Bone) 3 55 59 95 ....
Wilson's Company Cavalry. (Capt. T.R. Wilson**) 3 65 72 87 ....Showalter's-Baird's Regt
Rutherford's Company Infantry (Capt. A. A. Rutherford). 3 55 63 135 ....
Company Light Artillery (Capt. G. R. Dashiell) 3 62 71 96 4
Total 113 1,678 2,014 2,874 4
*** "McFarland's Co." not "McCulloch's Rangers" per Nat Archives microfilm reels M-323-189, M-323-190.
** Capt. T.A. Wilson per American Civil War Research Database. (T.R Wilson is correct)
1865 March. ... Editor's note: I speculate that the military units that captured prisoners between March 1864 and June 1865 for Bourland's Regiment to transfer to the CSA jail in Bonham, Fannin County were those military units listed below. One batch of 107 prisoners were captured on April 9, 1865 in Wise County, Texas by Bourland's Regiment.
In summation, below is a partial listing of the Confederate units that patrolled North and West Texas plus Southern Indian Territory during the last 1-1/2 years of the Civil War.
1) Wells' Battalion, Companies A and B patrolled between Fort Arbuckle, I.T. and Fort Belknap, Young Co TX: Scanland's Company A, most recruits from the Montague Co TX area; Good's-Gillett's Company B; initially Wells' Battn was recruited from the Panola Co TX area (581 men)
2) Pyron's 2d TX Cav, 2d Arizona Brigade, Co H, commanded by Capt. J.M. Roark (158 men recruited from Parker Co TX)
3) LeKaester's Co E (119 men), of Baird's-Showalter's 4th TX Cav, 4th Arizona Brigade, commanded by Major F.E. Kavanaugh.
4) Showalter's 4th TX Cav, 4th Arizona Brigade (50 men per ORsIv53[S#111]p378, McCulloch to Turner, Nov 1, 1863); (661 men, no date, per American Civil War Research Database).
5) McCord's 46th Frontier Cavalry CSA (1,273 men)
6) Brush Battalion, commanded by Major J.R. Diamond. (496 men in Nov 1863) ... J.R. Diamond was assigned Feb 10, 1865 the command of most of Bourland's Regt and Col. L.M. Martin's 5th TX Cav Partisan Rangers absorbed the remainder. Meanwhile Bourland was promoted to command all of the military units of the North and West Frontier, then Col. Bourland, not Gen. McCulloch, signed the Jun 2, 1865 Confederate Surrender for the North Texas Sub-Dist. in Galveston TX.
7) Martin's 5th TX Cavalry Partisan Rangers (812 men) .... on Feb 10, 1865 Martin absorbed some of Bourland's Regt. while most of Bourland's Regt was then commanded by Lt-Col. J.R. Diamond.
8) Baylor's Ladies' Rangers (remnants of), Pyron's 2d TX Cav, Co I, 2d Arizona Brigade (164 men in Dec 1863)
9) J.B. "Buck" Barry's Frontier TX Cavalry ... Organized: 5/15/62; Mustered Out: 5/26/65 .... (1,158 men) ... but from about May 1864 to May 1865 this unit was also known as the 8th TX Cavalry Battn (483 men) .... was part of McCord's Frontier Cav at one time, but by Aug 1863, he was a Major working closely with Bourland. .
10) Bourland's Border Regiment Cavalry (625 men listed in the American Civil War Research Database of Duxbury MA and .... 831 men listed in the National Park Service Sailors and Soldiers Database.) Plus a least 50 soldiers who were on neither listing: Additional soldiers not mentioned in the archival records, but found in family records..
11) Capt. W.G. Moseley's 7th TX Light Artillery CSA (144 men listed in the American Civil War Research Database of Duxbury MA and .... 215 men listed in the National Park Service Sailors and Soldiers Database.) Organized: 11/19/64; Mustered Out: 5/26/65.
12) Col. James Duff's 33d TX Cav or the 14th TX Partisan Rangers (1,093 men per American Civil War Research Database).
13) Plus the 31 Texas State militia companies raised in 1864
commanded by Quayle then Throckmorton, both stationed in Decatur TX.
Editor's note: Let's not overlook other military units (TST or CSA) that may have overlapped into the North and West Frontier: ... Parson's 12th Cav..............
Border's-Anderson's TX Cav. Battn. -- not to be confused with Bourland's Border Cav. Regt.
TX 1st Partisan Rangers Cavalry 1st TX Cavalry
Mustered Out: 5/26/65 149 men
TX 2nd Bn AZ Brig Cav 2d TX Cavalry Battn Mustered Out: 2/21/63 674 men
P. Hardeman's TX Cavalry Battn 676 men
No assignments in database for this regt
TX 2nd Cavalry 2nd TX Cavalry
Mustered Out: 5/26/65 1715 men
TX 3rd Cavalry 3rd TX Cavalry
Org. 6/13/61, Mustered Out: 5/4/65 1398 men
TX 3rd AZ Brig Cavalry 3rd TX Cavalry
Org: 2/21/63 Mustered Out: 5/26/65 626 men
TX 4th AZ Battn Cav 4th TX Cavalry 661 men
TX 4th Cavalry 4th TX Cavalry
Mustered Out: 5/26/65 1,480 men
Moseley's 7th TX Light Artillery Battery
Duff's 33rd TX Cavalry
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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains