Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

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  Index of "Fort Arbuckle Outpost in Indian Territory, 1850-1870"

 

 

This is an every-name and place index-gazetteer of William B. Justiss1976 University of Arkansas Masterís Thesis (97-pages)  indexed by Patricia Adkins-Rochette.

 

Agnue

Brad Agnue ("The 1858 War Against the Comanches" 1971), 41

Alexander

William Alexander (Pvt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 73

Alvord

Henry Elijah Alvord, 1844-1904 (Major, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 70

Andrews

George Andrew (Maj, 7th Regiment), 23

Andrist

Ralph K. (THE LONG DEATH, 1964), 1, 2, 3

Arbuckle

Matthew Arbuckle, 1778-1851 (Col, US Army at Ft Smith), 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, 19, 24

Arkansas

Batesville, Independence County, 5

Belle Point, Sebastian County, 4, 5

Bentonville, Benton County, 59

Clarksville, Johnson County, 5

Fayetteville, Washington County, 5

Fort Smith, Sebastian County, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 14, 19, 30, 32, 43, 58, 59, 72

Hot Springs, Garland County, 6

Little Rock, Pulaski County, 5, 66

arms and ammunition

bows and arrows, 41, 44, 50, 54, 55

bull whip, 74

knife, scalping, 50

lance, 43

munitions, 6, 41, 50, 54, 58

ordnance forge, stores, arsenal, 11, 36

pistols, revolvers, 50, 66, 77

rifles, 17, 50, 63

saber, 50

shotgun, 15, 17, 24, 63

six-shooter, 63

Spencer repeating carbines, 66, 67

artists-poets

beads, mirrors, calico for barter, 21

dead march with coffins, 37

Emancipation Proclamation by A. Lincoln, 64

embroidery, 18

flora, fauna, collecting specimens (1852), 25

horses from Kentucky, 39

illiteracy, 67

Macauley's HISTORY OF ENGLAND, 19

rug, bright colored oilcloth, 18

tatto beat of drum, 44

warpaint, 37

Averell

William A. Averell (Lt, Union), 59, 61, 62

Babb

Louella Babb, sister of captive Dot Babb, 76

Theodore Adolphus "Dot" Babb in 1865 taken captive at age 13 in Wise Co TX, 75

Bailey

Elisha J. Bailey, Dr. (1850 at Ft Washita), 15

Baird

W. David, Dr. (1976 Univ. of Arkansas), ii

Bearas

Ed Bearas (FT. SMITH: LITTLE GIBRALTAR, 1969), 4, 7, 8

Banning

Samuel C. Banning (1834 MO-1864) son of I. Campbell; 11th Cav, Co A (Capt, Cooke Co, TST), 62

Blaine

Samuel A. Blaine (Wichita Indian Agent, 1859), 56

Borland

Solon Borland (1849, U.S. Senator; CSA Col, AR), 4, 6, 7

Cabell

Wm. Lewis Cabell, Wm. Lewis "Old Tige" (1827 VA-1911) m-H. Rector; 4-term Dallas mayor (Brig-Gen, AR CSA), 24

Califormia

American River, 11

Califormia Road, 21

gold fields, 11

travelers stopped at Fort Arbuckle, 28

Canby

Edward R. S. Canby (Maj-Gen, Union), 29

Casey

__, Mr. (1858 near Ft Arbuckle), 44

Chivington

John M. Chivington, 1821-1894 (Col, 1st Colorado Volunteers), 68

clothing

buffalo hides, 37

deerskins, 37

overcoat, 60, 73

Colorado

Arkansas River headwaters, Bent County, 35

communications, direct

bugler, 49

express courier, dispatch rider, 10, 27, 51, 59

mail, irregular, problems with, 17, 75

margin notes of a newspaper, 53

telegraph, 66, 68

Conrad

Charles M. Conrad (U. S. Sec. of War), 8

Cooke

Phillip Saint George Cooke, 1809-1895 (Gen, Union) in 1861 wrote CAVALRY TACTICS, 34

Cooper

Douglas Hancock Copper, 1815-1879, Indian agent (Brig-Gen, IT CSA), 41, 42, 43, 56, 63

courts

court martial, 24, 29

misdemeanor, 23

Crittenden

__, Mr. (Capt, Union, 1861), 61

Custer

George A. Custer (Col, 7th U.S. Cav), 66

Davidson

John Wynn "Black Jack" Davidson (Gen, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 71

Davis

Jefferson (U.S. Sec. of War, CSA President), 33, 39

District of Columbia

5-man committee, 6

Adjutant General, 10, 26

Arkansas Congressional delegation, 6, 8

Bourland, Solon (1849, U. S. Senator, CSA Col, AR), 4, 6, 7

Bureau of Indian Affairs, 45

Department of the West, 53

Indian Peace Commission (to confer with warring tribes) created July 1867 by U.S. Congress, 69

Jefferson Davis (U.S. Sec. of War, later CSA President), 33

Johnson, R. W., U.S. House of Rep. of AR, 7

Stanton, Edwin M., U.S. Sec. of War, 68

Texas Congressional delegation, 40

U.S. Congress, 6

U.S. War Department, 1, 8, 13, 23, 39, 45, 59, 62

Washington, 5, 6, 7, 10, 58

Washington Star, newspaper, 52

Drew

Thomas S. Drew (1855 Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Ft Smith), 32

economics, currencies

Army clothing ($20) plus $210 in exchange for white captive, 75

beads and mirrors for barter, 21

buffalo hides, 31

gold, 2, 4, 5, 11

ransom for stolen children, 75

slave trading, 21

sutler's store, 22, 71, 77

whiskey, 23, 74

Emory

William H. Emory, 1811-1887 (Major, Post Commander, Ft Arbuckle, Union), 53, 54, 55, 57, 61, 62

Evans

Jack Evans, sutler at Ft Arbuckle, 71

Nathan G. Evans (Capt, 5th U.S. Cavalry, 1858), 50

foodstuffs

beef, beeves, 44

buffalo, 31, 32, 57, 70

buffalo tongue, 18

cattle, milk, 11, 16, 17, 69, 70, 75, 77

chickens, eggs, 16, 17

Christmas dinner: bear meat, buffalo tongue, prairie hen (or grouse), venison, geese, wild turkey, quail, pigeon, 18

corn, cornfields, cereals, 44, 51, 64

drought caused hunger, 32

ducks, wild, 17

flour, 63

food supply, 2, 50

forage, plunder, 32, 33, 63

gardens, cultivated fields, 13, 20

geese, wild, 13, 17

grass, for livestock grazing, 57

hog ranch or town, 75

horses, 69

horses, mules (1855) eaten by Indians due to lack of buffalo, 32

hunting wild game, 31

ice cream on Sundays, 17

icehouse, 17

livestock, 55, 57

salt, 72

starvation and destitution, 20, 32

water, potable, 22, 72

Ford

John Salmon "Rip" Ford  (Brig-Gen, Texas Rangers, TST), 40

Foreman

Carolyn T.  Foreman ("Black Beaver" 1946), 12, 21

Grant Foreman (1869-1953), wrote Oklahoma histories, 12, 33, 41, 42, 44, 54

Fort Arbuckle

post commander (1868), Lt. R. H. Pratt, 78

post commander (Apr 1851-Jul 1852), R. B. Marcy (Maj-Gen, CSA), 26

post commander (Apr 1864), Capt. W. Martin, 65

post commander (bef Feb 1859-aft Oct 1859), Maj. W. H. Emory, 53

post commander (Jul 1852-Jun 1853), J. C. Henshaw (Brevet-Maj, 7th Regiment), 26

post commander (Jun 1858-Oct 1858), Lt. J. E. Powell, 46

post commander (Jun 1863), Capt. S. G. Simmons, 28

post commander (Oct 1858-May 1861), Capt. R. T. Jacobs, 84

post commander (Oct 1858-May 1861), Capt. W. E. Prince, 51

post commander (winter 1867-1868), J. W. Walsh (Capt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 77

Gardner

Zack Gardner (1858 near Ft Arbuckle, I.T.), 41

Garland

Robert R. Garland  (Lt, 7th Regiment), 24

Garrison

P. E. Garrison, killed 1858 (Sgt, 5th U.S. Cavalry Regt), 51

Gibson

Arrell M. (FT. SMITH: LITTLE GIBRALTAR, 1969; CHICKASAWS, 1973), 4, 5, 7, 8, 63

Glisan

Rodney L. Glisan, MD, (1827 MD-1890) m-E. Couch; 1851-1853 physician at Ft Arbuckle (pub 1874, JOURNAL OF ARMY LIFE), 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 31, 36, 38, 52

Graham

George W. (Capt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 74

Grant

Ulysses S. Grant (Gen, Union, U.S. President), 66

Grierson

Benjamin Grierson of Illinois (Col, 10th U.S. Cav), 66, 70

Hall

Margaret (Hall) Moncrief (help build Ft Arbuckle in 1851), 44

Hancock

Winfield Scott Hancock, 1824-1886 (Gen, Dept. of the Missouri), 68

Hardee

William Joseph Hardee, 1815-1873, Lt-Col, in 1855 wrote INFANTRY TACTICS, A SOLDIER's MANUAL, 34, 39

Hartje

Robert C. Hartje (VAN DORN, 1967), 47, 49, 52

Hatch

Edward Hatch of Iowa (Col, 9th U.S. Cav), 66

Henry

Thomas Henry (Lt, 7th Regiment), 24

Henshaw

John C. Henshaw (Brevet-Maj, 7th Regt, Ft Arbuckle Post Commander), 23, 26

Hinckley

__Mr., 1854 editor of Chickasaw Intelligencer, 29

Hoffman

Wm. (Gen, 3rd U.S. Infantry), 67

Holktiche

__, Mr. (Capt, IT, 1858), 42

Hollon

Wm. Eugene (BEYOND THE CROSS TIMBERS, 1955), 10, 13, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 27

Hubbard

__, Mr., Major, 72

Hudson

James J. Hudson, Dr. (1976 Univ. of Arkansas), ii

Hume

C. Ross Hume ("Anadarko" 1938), 64

Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation (1837-1855)

Fort Gibson, Illinois Dist (now Muskogee Co OK), 7, 10, 11, 24, 46, 64, 66, 70, 71, 72

Indian Territory, Cherokee Outlet

Camp Arbuckle #2 (1834), now Pawnee County, 19

Indian Territory, Chickasaw Nation (1855-1907)

Fort Arbuckle, Pickens Co (now Garvin Co OK), 9, 41, 42, 51, 57, 58, 59, 64

Rush Creek, Pickens Co (now Grady Co OK), 46, 48, 52

Rush Springs, Pickens Co (now Grady Co OK), 45

Tishomingo, Tishomingo Co (now Johnston Co OK), 42

Indian Territory, Choctaw Nation (1855-1907)

Boggy Depot, Pushmataha Dist, Atoka Co (now Atoka Co OK), 42, 63

Fort Washita, Pushmataha Dist, Blue Co (now Bryan Co OK), 58, 59, 64

McAlester, Moshulatubbee Dist, Tobucksy Co (now Pittsburg Co OK), 11

Perryville Depot, Moshulatubbee Dist, Tobucksy Co (now Pittsburg Co OK), 60

Indian Territory, Choctaw-Chickasaw Nation (1837-1855)

Arbuckle Mountains, Chickasaw Dist, Wichita Co (now Murray Co OK), 1851 mvd to Wildhorse Creek, 12

Byers, Chickasaw Dist, Caddo Co (now McClain Co OK), 1851 mvd to Wildhorse Creek, 12

Camp Arbuckle, Chickasaw Dist, Caddo Co (now McClain Co OK), 1851 mvd to Wildhorse Creek, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 21

Fort Arbuckle, Chickasaw Dist, Wichita Co (now Garvin Co OK), 1851 mvd to Wildhorse Creek, 21, 25, 26, 29

Fort Washita, Pushmataha Dist, Blue Co (now Bryan Co OK), 11, 15, 23, 24, 30

Reserves, western boundary, 10

Waco Indian Village, Chickasaw Dist, Wichita Co (now Grady Co OK), 25

Wichita Indian Village, Chickasaw Dist, Wichita Co (now Grady Co OK), 25

Indian Territory, Creek-Seminole Nation (1837-1855)

Chouteau's Trading Post on Chouteau Creek, near now Lexington, Cleveland County, 12

Indian Territory, Creek-Seminole Nation (1837-1855_

Seminole Reserve (north of the South Canadian River), 20

Indian Territory, Leased Lands (1858-1866)

Antelope Hills, Comanches defeated in 1858 by Texas Rangers at Battle of Little Robe Creek (now Ellis Co OK), 38, 40, 45

Camp Radziminski, 1858, on Otter Creek, near Tipton, Tillman Co OK, 47, 48, 52

Fort Cobb, now Caddo County, 56, 57, 59, 62, 64

Fort Sill, now Comanche County, 25, 42, 43

Medicine Bluff, now Comanche County, 25, 56

Mount Scott, Mount Beauregard, or Mount Blue, now Comanche County, 56

Otter Creek, near Tipton, Tillman Co OK, 48, 51

Reserve, 62

Reserve Indians Tribes, 56

Tonkawa Massacre of October 1862, 64

treaty to lease Choctaw-Chicksaw lands for occupation by the Plains Indians, 33

Washita Agency, on Washita River, now Caddo Co OK, 55

Wichita Mountains (now Comanche County), 26, 42, 56

Indians, American, Tribes

3,000,000-acre reservation for Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa, 69

4,000,000-acre reservation for Arapahoe and Cheyenne, 69

Anadarko, branch of Caddo, 34

Apache, 32, 36, 45, 76

Arabs of the southwest, 36

Arapahoe, 32, 69, 76

Blackfeet, 12

Brazos Reservation on Salt Fork of Brazos River, Texas, 33, 34, 55

Caddo Hasinai, Whitebead Band of Caddos, 1842, 1843, and 1861, George Washington (Maj, IT, CSA), 34, 42, 43, 71, 76

Cherokee Ridgeites, 42

Cheyenne, 32, 45, 69, 76

Cheyenne War of 1864 on Sand Creek, Colorado, 68

Comanche Reservation, 1855, Throckmorton Co TX, 34, 55

Comanche, "prairie nomad", 6, 12, 13, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 26, 29, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 41, 43, 44, 48, 53, 56, 68, 69, 76

Comanches defeated in 1858 by Texas Rangers at the Battle of Little Robe Creek (now Ellis Co OK), 38

Creek Indian, 12, 13, 34

Crow, 12

Delaware Hainai, 12, 21, 36, 63

Indian Peace Commission (to confer with warring tribes) created July 1867 by Congress, 69

Indian Wars (1855-1858), 1

Jones, Horace Pope Jones, interpreter for Penateka Comanche, scout, 56

Kickapoo, 12, 20, 26, 36

Kiowa, 6, 18, 26, 32, 40, 56, 68, 69, 76

Medicine Lodge Creek Council, Indian Peace Commission met October 1867 with Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, etc., 69

Neighbors, Robert Simpson Neighbors, 1855 Indian Agent, Brazos Reservation on Brazos River, Texas, 33, 34, 56

Osage, 63

prairie tribes or Plains Indians, 12, 13

Rector, Elias M. Rector. (Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Ft Smith AR, CSA), 56

Reserve in Indian Territory, 62

Seminole Reserve (north of the South Canadian River), 20

Shawnee, 63

Taylor, N.G. Taylor, President of Commission of Indian Affairs, 69

Texas Rangers, Texas State Troops, 62

Tonkawa Massacre of October 1862, 64

Tonkawas, Ton-ca-wes, Tonwaconies Tribe, 34, 64

Waco, Wacco, Wai-coes, Wakhos, Taw-wag-o-nies, branch of Wichitas, 34, 40

Wichita, Wee-che-tah, or Witch-e-taw Tribe Bands: Hue-cos, Ta-hua-ca-ros, Tawackanoies, Tow-wac-car-ro, Tow-we-ash, 12, 43, 45, 48, 51, 71

Woods Indians, Chickasaw and Choctaw, 43

Indians, personalities

Anti-toybitsy, Comanche scout, 48

Black Beaver, Delaware Indian, guide for Marcy, 12, 21, 42

Buffalo Hump, Chief of Comanches, 1858 Rush Creek Treaty, 48

Hair-Bobbed-on-One-Side, 48

Holktiche (Capt, IT, 1858), 42

Issa-Keep, Comanche Chief, 37

James, George (Capt, IT, 1858), 42

Nasthoe, a Wichita scout, 47

Over-the-Buttes, 48

Tibbalo, Comanche Chief, asked Creek Indians to help since they had 5,000 starving people, 32

Tuckabatchee Micco, Creek Chief, 1855, accompanied Comanches to Ft Smith with petition for help for starving Comanches, 32

Wau-su-sic-an, a Wichita scout, son of Nasthoe, 47

Wild Cat, Seminole Chief on the Rio Grande, 20

James

George James (1858, Capt, I.T.), 42

Jesup

Thomas Sidney Jesup (U.S. Quartermaster Gen. for 42 yrs), 6, 12

Johnson

R. W., U.S. House of Rep., AR, 7, 8

Johnston

Albert Sidney Johnson, 1802-1862, (Gen, CSA), 39, 40

Jones

Horace Pope, interpreter for Penateka Comanche, scout, 55, 56, 64

Justiss

Wm. B., 1976 Univ. of Arkansas master's thesis, i

Kansas

Eureka Valley, Riley County, 76

Fort Leavenworth, 28, 61, 62, 66

Fort Riley, Riley County, 70

Fort Wallace, Wallace County, 74

Medicine Lodge Creek Council, Indian Peace Commission met October 1867 with Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, etc., 69

Kearney

__, (1858 near Ft Arbuckle), 44

Keating

Wm. (Pvt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 74

Kimball

Amos Samuel (Maj, Quartermaster of Ft Gibson), 71

Lander

__, Mr, Colonel of Kentucky 1853,, 28

Leckie

Wm. H. (BUFFALO SOLDIERS, 1963), 66, 68, 70

Lee

Robert E. (Gen CSA), 39

Leeper

Matthew Leeper (Indian Agent, CSA), 64

Lincoln

Abraham, U.S. President, 64

Linney

Perry Linney (1858 near Ft Arbuckle), 44

Long

Stephen, Major (1830), 1

Loyal Legion (1905), 76

Macauley

Thomas Babington (HISTORY OF ENGLAND, 1849), 17

McClelland

George Briton McClelland, 1826-1885 (Gen, Union), 13, 25, 26

Mary Ellen (Marcy) McClelland, 13

Majors

James Majors (Lt, 5th U.S. Cavalry, 1858), 50

Mann

Mary (Mann) Marcy, 11, 17, 18, 23

manufacturer, crafts

blacksmith, 11, 12, 72

carpenter, 11, 12, 22

mud mixed with straw, 16

plastered chimney, clayey loam, 16

puncheon floors, 16

stone mason, 16

teamster, 11

Marcy

Fanny, 11, 23

Mary (Mann), 11, 17, 18, 23

Mary Ellen (Marcy) McClelland, 13

Randolph Barnes (1812-1887, Maj-Gen, CSA), 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 23, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36, 42, 56

Wm. L. (1849, U. S. Sec. of War), 4

Marshall

James Marshall (discovered gold in Calif. Jan 24, 1848), 2

Martin

W. Martin, (Capt, CSA), 65

medicine, physicians

ambulance wagon, 51

cholera, 2, 8, 67, 71, 72

dysentery, malarious, 29

fever, malaria, 19, 56

hospital, 22, 23

medical topography, 19

oxen died, 11

recuperation in Mississippi for Van Dorn, 52

sick Mormons, 80 members, 28

smallpox, 2

suicide, 30

waters (healthful) of Hot Springs AR, 6

wounded men died, 50

Mexico, 35, 36

Chihuahua, 48, 53

Rio Grande, Seminole Chief Wild Cat found there, 20

Meyers, Myers

Frederick Meyers (Lt, Camp Arbuckle, now Byers, McClain Co OK), 16, 20, 21, 61

military unit

10th U.S. Cavalry, Col. Ben Grierson recruited Negro soldiers, 65, 67, 68

10th U.S. Cavalry, recruited Negro soldiers, 66

1st Chickasaw and Choctaw Mounted Regiment, 63, 65

1st U.S. Cavalry Regiment, 53, 62

1st U.S. Infantry Regiment, 42, 46, 59, 62

2nd U.S. Cavalry (Companies A, F, H, and K in 1858), 39, 46

3rd U.S. Cavalry Regiment, 67

3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment, 67

5th U.S. Infantry, Company D, 10, 11, 23, 24, 25

6th U.S. Infantry, Irishmen recruited from the Bowery of NYC, 65

6th U.S. Infantry, recruited from South Carolina, 71

7th Military District, Hdqts. in Ft. Smith, 6, 8, 14, 27

7th U.S. Infantry Regiment, 23, 41

9th U.S. Cavalry, Colonel Edward Hatch recruited Negro soldiers, 66

blue coats, 49

cavalry replaced infantry in late 1850s, 39

Davidson, J.W. "Black Jack" (Gen, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 71

deserters, 27, 29, 62

drill, 76

flag, colors, 8, 61

forced march, 42

foreigners, most deserters were, 28

guard house, 59

Mexican War, Apr 1846-Feb 1848, 4

Military Department of the West, 51

Military Department of the Missouri, W.S. Hancock, 68

Military Division of Missouri, Gen. W.T. Sherman, 66, 75

Military Division of the Gulf, Gen. Phillip Sheridan, 66

Montgomery, A., maybe Lloyd A. (Capt, QM, 7th Military Dist, U.S. Army), 7, 8

Officer's call, Major Van Dorn, 46

parade ground, 53

recruiters, 66, 67

reveille, 43

secessionist, 59

Texas Rangers, Texas State Troops, 36, 38, 40, 62

Mississippi

recuperation place for Van Dorn, 52

Missouri

Cassville, Barry County, 59

Independence, Jackson County, 4

Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis County, 39

Rollo, Phelps County, 59

St Louis, 59, 69

Moncrief

Margaret (Hall) Moncrief (help build Ft Arbuckle in 1851), 44, 54

Montgomery

A. Montgomery, maybe Lloyd A. Montgomery (Capt, QM, 7th Military Dist, U.S. Army), 7, 8, 12

Mooney

James Mooney, 1861-1921 (GHOST DANCE, 1890), 37

Morrison

Wm. B. (1928, "Fort Arbuckle"), 66

Negro, Black, Colored, Mulatto, Other

discrimination against the Negro soldier, 67

girl Negro, age 15, "scientific experimentation", 20

John, a Mexican boy (1850), 13, 16

Marcy, Aunt Mary (1850), 13, 16, 23

Marcy, Uncle Andrew (1850), 13, 16

Negro soldier was the cleanest, 77

Union Negro soldiers, 180,000 recruited; 33,380 died, 66

Neighbors

Robert S. Neighbors, 1855 Indian Agent, Brazos Reservation, Texas, 33, 34, 39, 56

New Mexico

new post, 4

Santa Fe, 4, 6, 7

New York

Bowery of New York City, where Irishmen were recruited, 66

West Point, U.S. Military Academy, Orange County, 47, 58

newspapers

Arkansas Whig, 1852, Little Rock, Pulaski Co AR, 26

Chickasaw Intelligencer, 1854, Post Oak Grove or Emmet, sec14 twp4S ran7E, now Johnston Co OK, 29

Fort Smith Herald, 1848, Sebastian Co AR, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 26

Harper's Weekly, 62

Hinckley, Mr., 1854 editor of Chickasaw Intelligencer, 29

Washington Star, District of Columbia, 52

Nower

__, Mr. (Pvt, 7th Regt), 29

Nye

Wilbur Sturtevant Nye (CARBINE & LANCE, 1937), 47, 56, 57, 74, 76

Offley

Robert H. Offley (1858, Lt, Ft Arbuckle, Union), 44

Oklahoma

Byers, McClain County, 12

Otter Creek, near Tipton, Tillman County, 47, 48

Rush Creek, Grady County, 46, 48, 52

Rush Springs, Grady County, 25

Paul

Smith Paul, 1809 New Bern, Craven Co NC-1893 (1858 near Ft Arbuckle, I.T.), 41, 43, 44

Pearce

Nicholas B. Pearce  (Maj, Commissary, TX CSA), 24

Pennsylvania

Carlisle Indian School, Cumberland County PA, 71

pests and vermin

mosquitoes, tarantulas, centipedes, scorpions, snakes, 19

rattlesnakes, 24, 38

wolves, 18, 24

Phillips

William A. Phillips  (Col Union), 64

Powell

James Edwin Powell, 1818 Worcester, England -Apr 6, 1862 Battle of Shiloh, TN and m-1849 Somerset Co, Maine to Mary Ann Hunter (Lt, Ft Arbuckle, I.T.), 41, 44, 45, 46, 48, 53, 54

Pratt

Richard Henry Pratt, 1840-1924, wrote BATTLEFIELD & CLASSROOM (Lt, in 1874 with Tonkawa Scouts & Col. Mackenzie), 67, 71, 72, 75, 76

Prince

William E. Prince, Ft Arbuckle Post Commander (Capt, Union), 51

Prucha

Francis P. (AMERICAN INDIAN POLICY, 1962), 1

recreation

bear and bull confrontation, 77

horse racing, gambling, 18, 48

pets: bears, mockingbird, 16, 77

philandering, wife swapping, 18, 47

reading aloud, 17

whiskey, spirits, alcohol, 2, 15, 16, 22, 23, 48, 56, 59, 70, 76, 77

wolf chase, 18

Rector

Elias M. Rector (Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Ft Smith AR, CSA), 43, 55, 56

religion

missionaries, 36

Mormons (1847), 2, 28

Thomas, Mr., a Mormon, 28

resources, raw materials

stones for masonry, 19, 22

timber, logs, 11, 19, 22

water course for milling, 19, 22

Rife

Joseph Rife (Capt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 72

Rister

Carol C. (1940, BORDER CAPTIVES), 31, 37, 38

Robinson

George T. Robinson (Capt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 70

Ross

Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross, (1839-1898, Capt, US Army, 1858, TX Gov 1887-1891), 47, 48, 50, 51

Shapley Prince Ross (1838-1878, Indian Agent at Brazos Agency, father of "Sul" Ross), 46

Runnels

Hardin Richard Runnels (Texas Governor, 1857-1859), 40

Sachett

Delos B. Sachett at Ft Arbuckle (Maj, Union), 61, 62

schools

Alabama Wesleyan College, 47

Carlisle Indian School, Cumberland Co PA, 71

University of Maryland, Baltimore, 14

Scott

Winfield Scott (1786-1866), commanded U.S. Army in Mexican War (1861, Lt-Gen, Union), 8, 53

shelter

layout of Fort Arbuckle, 22

lodges, Comanches, 50

pickets and adobe, 57

teepees, Comanche, 48

tents, 12, 16, 21, 24, 72, 73

wigwams, bark and brush mats, Kickapoo, 20

Sheridan

Phillip Sheridan (Gen, Union, Division of the Gulf), 66

Sherman

Wm. Tecumseh Sherman (Gen, Union, Military Division of Missouri), 66, 69, 75

Silbey

Caleb C. Silbey (Capt, 5th Infantry Regt), 7

Simmons

Seneca G. Simmons (Capt, Ft Arbuckle Post Commander), 28

skirmishes, battle, mutilation

captives, 38

girl Negro, age 15, "scientific experimentation" mutilation, 20

moonlight night, 37

scalping, 37, 38

skirmishes, 40 small unit actions in 4 years, 39

wagon train enroute from the Brazos, all killed (1852), 26

whipping, 27, 29

Smith

E. L. Smith, at Fort Arbuckle in 1866 (Capt, 19th U.S. Infantry), 69

Edmund Kirby Smith (Maj-Gen, CSA), 39

South Carolina

Fort Sumpter, Charleston County, 59

Stanley

__, Mr. (Lt, Co D, 5th U.S. Cav, Ft Arbuckle), 54, 55

Stevenson

__, Mrs. M. R., 24

M. R. Stevenson (Lt, 7th Regiment), 24

Sturgis

John Sturgis (Capt, 4th U.S. Cav, Union), 59, 62

Sumard

George C. Sumard, Dr. of Ft Smith, 25

supplies and equipment

saddle, 60

supplies and equipment, 9

tools, 11

surveying

surveying, 57

Taylor

Alfred A. Taylor, (1924, "Medicine Lodge Council"), 69

N. G. Taylor,  President of Commission of Indian Affairs, 69

Zachary (Gen, Mexican War, US President), 5, 6, 7, 8

Tennessee

Chickamugua, Hamilton County, 55

Texas

Antelope Hills, Comanches defeated in 1858 by Texas Rangers at Battle of Little Robe Creek (now Ellis Co OK), 38, 40, 45

Brazos Reservation on Salt Fork of Brazos River, 34

Brazos Reservation on Salt Fork of Brazos River, Texas, 55

Camp Cooper, Throckmorton County, 57

El Paso, 23

Fort Belknap, Young County, 25, 34, 39, 42, 47, 57

Fort Griffin, Shackelford County, 64

Fort Phantom Hill, 1852, Jones County, 31

Galveston County, 28

Indian Wars in Texas (1855-1858), 1

San Antonio, Bexar County, 10

Texas Rangers, Texas State Troops, 36, 45, 56

Wichita Falls, Wichita County, 19

Thoburn

J. B. ("H.P. Jones, Scout," 1924), 64

Thomas

__, Mr. (a Mormon elder in 1853), 28

George Henry Thomas, 1816-1870 (Gen CSA), 39, 55, 56

Thompson

Robinson Thompson (1858 near Ft Arbuckle), 43, 44

Throckmorton

James Webb (Brig-Gen, TST, Texas Governor, 1866-1867), 68

Townsend

Edward Davis Townsend, 1817-1893 (A. Adj-Gen Union), 59

trails, highways

Arbuckle Road, 59

Califormia Road, 21

direct route from Ft Smith to crossing of Red River, 13

Fort Gibson Road to Gaines Creek, 11

Holoway's Station of Butterfield's Overland Stage (54 miles west of Ft Smith), 60

keeping the Indians away from the roads, 70

Oregon Trail, 2

road from Ft Belknap and Camp Cooper, 57

Santa Fe Trail, 1, 5, 6, 7

transportation

horses, 4, 5, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 54, 55, 60, 67, 74

mules, 5, 12, 14, 35, 36, 37, 38, 73

Negro soldier was the cleanest, 77

oxen, 5, 11

railroads, 69

ship, J.B. GORDON, 7

stagecoach, Dept of Stage, hackney coach, 59

wagons, carts, 1, 5, 11, 26, 62, 72

Trickett

Dean (1939, "Civil War in I.T."), 59

Twiggs

David Emanuel Twiggs, 1790-1862 (U.S. Gen in 1858), 40, 45, 46, 47, 52, 53

Updegraff

Joseph Updegraff (Lt, Camp Arbuckle, now Byers, McClain Co OK), 16, 19, 21

Utah

7th Infantry Regiment sent from April 1858 from Ft Arbuckle to Utah, 41

Utley

Robert M. (FRONTIERSMEN IN BLUE, 1967), 2, 34, 47, 53, 55

Van Camp

Cornelius Van Camp (Lt, 5th U.S. Cavalry, 1858), 50, 51

Van Dorn

Earl "Buck" Van Dorn (Maj-Gen CSA), 39, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53

Vizzier

Anne, Dr. (1976 Univ. of Arkansas), ii

Walsh

James W. Walsh (Capt, 10th U.S. Cavalry), 66, 70, 71, 76, 77

water courses

American River, California, 2

Arkansas River, 4, 32, 35, 53, 63, 70

Brazos River, Texas, 24, 26, 53

Cache Creek, 19, 56

Canadian [South] River, 5, 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 40, 41, 45, 53, 63

Cobb Creek, north of Washita River, 56

Garrison Creek, Sequoyah Co OK, 72

Medicine Bluff Creek, 48

Middle Boggy River, 64

Otter Creek, near Tipton, Tillman Co OK, 48, 51

Platte River, from Missouri to Wyoming, 2

Poteau River, 12, 59

Red River, 19, 53

Rio Grande River, Mexico, Seminole Chief Wild Cat found there, 20

Rush Creek, 46, 48, 49, 52

Sand Creek, Colorado, 68

Washita River, 5, 19, 21, 56, 61, 64

White Wolf Ford, on south bank of Medicine Bluff Creek, 48

Wild Horse Creek, 19, 21

Watie

Stand Watie (Brig-Gen, Cherokee Mtd. Volunteers, IT CSA), 65

West Virginia

Harper's Ferry, Jefferson County, 59

Wheeler

Homer W. Wheeler (1923, BUFFALO DAYS), 74

Whitehall

__, Mrs., of Ft Washita, 11

John A. Whitehall, (Capt, Ft Washita), 11

Whitfield

John W. Whitfield (1855 Indian Agent), 32

Whiting

Charles Jarvis Whiting, b-Hancock Co Maine-1890 Hancock Co ME and m-1841 Rebecca Waterman (Lt, 2nd U.S. Cav, 1858), 51

Daniel Powers Whiting, 1808-1892 (Maj, Co. K, 7th Infantry Regt), 24

Williams

__, Mr. (Capt, Union, 1861), 61

Wright

Muriel N. Wright ("Gen. Cooper, CSA" 1954; "Averell's Ride, Union," 1960), 41, 58, 59

Young

Wm. Cocke Young (1812-1862, 11th TX Cav Regt, CSA), 62

 

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Patricia Adkins-Rochette        06/02/2013           prochette@Juno.com

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 Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains