Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

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                               Paulina J. Bourland Nix (1834-1873)


                                               dau of Nancy M. Hood and John McElroy Bourland

x Marriage in Honey Grove, Fannin Co TX on Aug 14, 1853 of Newton T. Nix and Paulina J. Bourland.

Paulina J. "Lina" Bourland, b. 1834 Calloway Co KY to Nancy M Hood [c1810-c1852 Lamar Co TX] and John McElroy Bourland [1804 Henderson Co KY (1807 became Hopkins Co)-ca Apr 1851 Lamar Co TX, m-Feb 2, 1827 Calloway Co KY]. "Paulina" hence "Lina Bourland" mentioned in the 1852 Lamar Co TX will of John McElroy Bourland. "It is mentioned in the EMPORIA GAZETTE that Newton and Pauline Bourland Nix had ten (10) ch. I'm not sure but I believe that John, Wm H, and the nursing baby (name unknown) were the three children who died in Quincy IL along with her young brother age 12 or 13 depending on his birthday." per Lavone Nelson, Orting WA. Paulina died 1872, prob Arkansas City, Cowley Co KS, maybe Emporia, Lyon Co KS

Dr Newton Thomas Nix, b-Quincy, Adam Co IL on Mar 29, 1831 to Lavicy Bruce [Apr 27, 1798 NC-Dec 21, 1890 Honey Grove, Oakwood Cem, Fannin Co TX] and Obadiah Nix [May 11, 1798 Oglethorpe Co GA-1858 Glenrose, Jack Co TX, Jacksboro Cem, m-Murphreesboro, Rutherford Co TN]. Obadiah's mom: Milly Aiken, kin to Wm Jennings Bryant; Lavicy born to __Adair and Adrian (Andrew) Bruce, Obdaiahís dau, Mary (Nix) Phenix b-1820, first white ch born Madison Co TN; 1828 fam moved (walked) to Morgan Co IL; Soldier's Claim Military Tract between Mississippi-Illinois Riv, Mt Sterling, Brown Co IL; Quincy IL. Newton, a physician, died in Choctaw, Oklahoma Terr (now OK Co OK) in Oct 1896, bur Emporia, Lyon Co Kansas per fam records. (see 1882, 1896 in timeline, pB-6)

Newton, m,2. in Emporia, Lyons Co KS on Mar 29, 1874 to Mrs Mary Polly Sutherland [d-Apr 10, 1912 Lyon Co KS] prob same as Rose Drury, ....Emma Drury Fleeker of Emporia in 1936, rec'd part of estate since she was 2nd cousin. "The Nix home at 124 Union, Emporia... her sons then lived there, ....when they died, 37 claimants to their estate appeared. Issue, none

Mary Sutterland, widow of Oscar M Sutherland [d-1870 Lyon Co KS]. Oscarís land in sec 33 twp 19 ran 11, Lyon Co; Issue, 2 ch: E. Martin Sutherland [d-Feb 25, 1935 one mi N of Admire, Lyon Co, car wreck single; Arthur N Sutherland [d. Dec 5, 1932].

1. John Nix b. 1854 Cooke Co TX d. Dec 1864 Quincy, Adams Co IL single

2. child b. 1855 Cooke Co TX d. 1855 Cooke Co TX single

3. Virginia Ellen Nix b. 1856 Jacksboro, Jack Co TX d. ?1872 ? Arkansas City, Cowley Co KS ? single

4. William H. Nix b. 1858 Jacksboro, Jack Co TX d. Dec 1864 Quincy, Adams Co IL single

5. child b. 1860 Jacksboro, Jack Co TX d. 1860 Jack Co TX single

6. Florida "Flora" Nix b. Jul 28, 1861 Jacksboro, Jack Co TX d. Mar 7, 1946 Emporia, Lyon Co KS m. Jasper O'Neal

7. child b. 1862 d. 1862 Jack Co TX single

8. child b. Jul 1864 d. Dec 1864 Quincy, Adams Co IL single

9. Edward Vernon Nix b. Mar 1, 1866 Houston, Harris Co TX d. Jun 3, 1939 Kalama, Cowlitz Co WA m. Mary E Back

10. Mary Alice Nix b. 1868 Hon Grove, Fannin Co TX d. ?Gillette, Campbell Co WY m. Chs Stewart

6. Florida "Flora" Nix, m. in Emporia, Lyon Co KS on Jun 6, 1883 to Jasper C O'Neal. Florida lived at 704 South Comerical, Emporia KS. "Flora kept house for her father after her mother's [sic, step-mother's] death, and has been a housekeeper ever since." per EMPORIA GAZETTE. Issue, 4 ch: Helen O'Neal, b. 1884 and m,1. __ Hanna/m,2. Dec 14, 1915 to Dudley Loomis of Lang, Lyons Co KS; Hallie W O'Neal, b. 1886 and m. Harry M James; W.H. O'Neal, b. 1888 and m. Myrtle M __; Wm O'Neal, b. 1890-Dec 28, 1917 Lyons Co KS.

Edward Vernon Nix, m. in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory on Jun 21, 1892 to Mary Elizabeth Back [Feb 13, 1872 Council Grove, Morris Co, Kansas-Feb 3, 1956 Rainier, Columbia Co, Oregon], dau of Mary "Polly" Back [Jul 5, 1838 Perry Co KY-Dec 8, 1919 Mt Vernon, Skajit Co WA] and Alexander Lee Bryant-Back [May 20, 1842 Breathitt Co KY-Dec 4, 1916 Lost Springs, Converse Co, Wyoming]. Alexander was adopted at age 16 then used name "Back" per John M. Back. Mary born to Mary Eliz Cope [Sep 21, 1814 Floyd Co KY-Sep 24, 1898 Breathitt Co KY] and John M Back Jr [Mar 27, 1810 Scott Co VA-May 24, 1886 Quicksand, Breathitt Co KY, m. Quicksand, Perry Co KY]. John M born to Catherine Robinson [Apr 7, 1780 TN-Sep 1, 1858 Breathitt Co KY] and John Back/Bach [Nov 19, 1774 Culpeper Co VA-1854 Breathitt Co KY, m. 1797 Culpep Co VA, lived 1802 Knox Co KY, 1810 Scott Co VA, 1812 Knox Co KY. Ed Vernon Nix b. IOOF Cem, Kelso, Cowlitz Co WA; Mary Eliz b. Woodbine Cem, Rainer, Columbia Co OR. Issue, 8 ch: Fred Enzee Nix, Dec 10, 1894 OKC, OK Terr-Jan 1967 Ranier, Columbia Co OR single; Floyd Vernon Nix, Dec 15, 1896 Dunlap, Morris Co KS-Mar 4, 1979 Vancouver, Clark Co WA and m. Nov 11, 1918 Clark Co WA to Anna M. Moline, 2 ch; Mary Elizabeth Nix, Mar 31, 1900 Kelso, Cowlitz Co WA-Apr 10, 1955 Stanford Med, Palo Alto, Santa Clara Co CA and m. May 22, 1920 Clark Co WA to Carl Schrader, 1 dau; Leota Amelia Nix, May 9, 1904 Kelso, Cowlitz Co WA-Nov 3, 1985 Renton, King Co WA and m. Feb 12, 1926 Portland, Multnomah Co OR to George Jinks Buzard, 1 ch; Charles Elsworth Nix, Mar 14, 1906 Kelso WA-Jan 4, 1961 OR and m. Loretta Wilson, 1 son; Daniel Alexander Nix, Apr 8, 1908 Kelso WA-Jul 11, 1987 Brookings, Curry Co OR and m. Mariam Skrieko, 1 son/m,2. Helen Vileski, 1 son; Benjamin Eugene Nix, Jan 12, 1911 Kelso WA-Jan 12, 1988 St Helens, Columbia Co OR and m. Jun 4, 1935 Stevenson, Skamania Co WA to Ina Pearl Johnson; Donald William Nix, Nov 7, 1914 Kelso WA-Jun 27, 1983 Portland, Multnomah Co OR.

9e. Leota Amelia Nix, m. in Portland, Multnomah Co OR on Feb 12, 1926 to Geo Jinks Buzard [Apr 30, 1897 Brookville, Jeff Co PA-St Helena Columbia Co OR], son of Della Mae Reedy and Melchia Wallace Buzard. Issue, 1 ch: Lavone Mary, b. Apr 14, 1928 Longview, Cowlitz Co OR and m. Wallace Nelson.

9e1. Lavone Mary Buzard, m. in Seattle, King Co WA on Jun 17, 1950 to Wallace Nelson [b-Sep 6, 1916 Ferron, Emery Co Utah-Aug 30, 2000 Douglas Co WA], son of Ethel Elfrieda Nielsen & Thorvald Victor Nelson Issue, 2 ch b-Seattle, King Co WA: Paula Louise Nelson b-Apr 11, 1951 and m-Allen Lloyd Comer; Helen Ruth, b-Feb 27, 1953 and m. Robert LeRoy Bond.

9e1a. Paula Louise Nelson, m. in Oakland, Alameda Co CA on Jun 19, 1980 to Allen Lloyd Comer [Dec 5, 1951 Yakima Co WA], son of Shirley Wilson and Bruce Comer. Issue, 3 ch born in Seattle, King Co WA: Eric Andrew, b. Jun 25, 1981; Roger Glenn, b.Nov 20, 1982; Ryan Blake, b. Dec 19, 1983.

9e1b. Helen Ruth Nelson, m. in Logan, Cache Co Utah on Jun 18, 1981 to Robert LeRoy Bond [b. May 8, 1946 Newton, Harvey Co KS], son of Dora Agnes Arrowsmith and Myron Walter Bond. Issue, 7 ch: Heather Marie, b-Apr 2, 1982 Laramie, Albany Co WY; Stephanie Ann, b. Apr 25, 1983 Rawlins, Carbon Co WY; Andrea Michelle, b-Mar 14, 1984 Rawlins, Carbon Co WY; Sarah Lynn, b. May 29, 1985 Rawlins, Carbon Co WY; Levi Daniel, b. Aug 28, 1986 Boise Co ID; Rachelle Renae, b-Jul 25, 1989 Grand Coulee, Okanogan Co WA; Charles Wesley, b. Sep 29, 1991 Spokane Co WA.

10. Mary Alice Nix, m-Charles Stewart/Stuart, circuit court judge, moved to Gillette, Campbell Co WY; Greybull, Basin Co WY mentioned in records.


1850 Brown Co IL p1012, 1007-1012 Obediah Nix 52 GA, Levicy 52 GA, Newton Nix 19 IL, Francis M Nix 17 IL, Harriet 14 IL, Mandon 12 IL also 1840 Brown Co IL cen, p161; 1830 Schuyler Co IL cen, p95. 1850 Bureau Co IL cen, p267

for son Wm A Nix 22 IL

c1850 Kentucky, "'Lina Bourland' attended a school in Kentucky ...a coed school." per 1928 story by Florida Nix O'Neal, ...should be in 1850 cen, this Union soldier remembered her in c1862 from boarding school, in ? KY.

1851-52 Lamar Co TX, Nix family arrived at Pin Hook [later Paris TX]. see Nix family history below

1852 Lamar Co TX, Paulina Bourland swore in John M Bourland's probate documents, Sep 13 and Sep 27, 1852, then mentioned in Mar 8, 1856 document.

1853 Fannin Co TX, Aug 14, Paulina J. Bourland m. Newton Nix.

1854 Fannin Co TX Poll Tax, Newton Nix paid poll tax.

1858 Jack Co TX. Newton Nix, Wm Anderson Nix, Mary Arminda Nix Phenix and John Curry came to Los Creek area that later became Jacksboro and Jack County. Curry sent by John Chisolm of Lamar Co TX, John Chisolm sent Curry with a herd of cattle to keep, Curry boarded with Phenix (states Curry, Currey was step-son of John Chisolm ...  (note:  John Simpson Chisum never married.)    Phenix bought a home on Keechi Creek, about 15 mi from Jacksboro.... implies they had been there quite a while before the fort was built in 1858.....per p3, "Forting Up in Jack County, 1858" JACKSBORO GAZETTE-NEWS, Nov 30, 1970, by Harriet Phenix Pharr in 1930's and per Hazel Skelton of Denton TX 1985 letter.    ....See 1878 entry.

1859 Jack Co TX TAX LIST. one Ben Bourland on tax list, same Ben in 1860 Jack Co TX cen w/ cousin Pauline Bourland Nix...Newton Nix, overseer of Precinct 8 roadwork in Jack Co. Newton Nix on Pettit Jury of Jack Co.

1860 Jack Co TX, Feb 20, Newton Nix contracted to build the jail in Jacksboro. (Something evidently happened because someone else built the jail.) per 1985 letter of Helen Skelton of Denton TX

1860 Jack Co TX cen, p6(365), Jacksboro, 665-673, Jul 18, N T Nix 29 IL, Paulina Nix 28 KY, John Nix 6 TX, Ellen Nix 4 TX, Ben Bourland, 23 TX ...Ben L Bourland, son of Wm H Bourland (see p8-21 for copy of census Chapter 8).

1860 Jack Co TX cen, p6(365), 666-674, Wm A Nix 35 TN, Eliz 33 KY, John J 14, Franklin, Chs, Elenner

1860 Cooke Co TX cen, Jasper Levi Nix 51, Mary 29, Clarisa 9, Janie 6, Heneretta 1, Melissa Barnett 18, Thomas Barnett 16.

1861 Fannin Co TX, Honey Grove, "Florida Nix born in Honey Grove." per Florida OíNealís 1929 story.

1861 Jack Co TX, Feb 21, Newton Nix and W.A. Nix voted against secession. W.A. Nix postmaster 1859 in Jacksboro...W.A. Nix on Fann Co TX Poll TAX LIST 1855, 1856, 1857. W.A. Nix in Jack Co TX land records 1859-Jan 1876. .....Jul 1861, Newton Nix and W.A. Nix on list of qualified voters, not on 1864 listing.

Civil War.   Newton Nix and his bro, W. Anderson Nix, were Union Sympathizers who had moved from Honey Grove, Fannin Co TX to Jacksboro, Jack Co TX, which was a hotbed of Union sympathizers. Newton and W. Anderson Nixís siblings stayed in Honey Grove and joined the Confederate army.

1864 Wise Co TX, W.A. Nix listed in the 1st Frontier Regt, 4th Sgt in J.B. Earharts' Co, 1st Frontier District where he served Feb 1864 to Jun 1, 1864. (See Earhartís Company of Wise Co TX in Appendix).

Deserted, Jack Co TX, Jacksboro, Apr, 1864. N.T. Nix mustered into Captains H.J. Thompsonís and T.F. Robertís Company in Jack County on Jan 29, 1864, then deserted Apr 1, 1864. (see Thompson-Roberts Company in the Appendix J)

Editorís note: Col James Bourland, who put a $1,000 bounty on his Newton Nix's head, dead or alive. Newton, Pauline and ch escaped to Quincy IL.

c1862 Adams Co IL, Quincy, Paulina Bourland Nix took her ch and brother Sydney to Quincy IL in mid-winter in pursuit of her husband, Newton Nix. There 3 of her ch and Sydney died during a measles epidemic... thatís when Newton Nix appeared

1864 Wise Co TX, Newton Nix bought land in Wise Co TX

1868 Lyon Co KS, Newton Nix family returned to Kansas. ...E.M. Sutherland inherited land sec33 twp 19 ran11, Lyon Co KS

1870 Morris Co KS "house finished 1870 by Grandpaw (took 2-3 yrs), 1 mi south of Dunlap, Morris Co KS, on Neosho River" back of 1968 photos: one Lost Springs, Morris Co KS, one in Wyoming.

1870 Lyon Co KS cen p211, 2 West Emporia, Jul 12, 28-27 Newton T. Nix 39 IL, Palina [Bourland] 36 KY, Virg Nix 13T, Florinda 9, Ed 2, Mary 2

1870 Labette Co KS cen, Chetopa, Jul 25, 86-86 Manning Nix 30 IL $1500, Emily Nix 25 KY; 1880 Lamar Co TX cen ED83-232,Paris

1900 IT cen ED168-15, 1-1 M.L. Nix, Emily, Minnie A, Mildred R, Nellie J. ...maybe 1870 Montg Co KS cen also

1870 Fann Co TX cen p299, Honey Grove Pct 4, Nov 10, 559-559, Louise Nicks 71 SC $1100, Francis Nicks 35 IL, Mary 33TN, Eliz

1872 Lyon Co KS, Emporia. "Paulina Nix & dau, Virginia Ellen died during an epidemic, may have d. Arkansas City, Crowley Co KS." per Lavone Nelson of Elmer City WA.

1873 Jack Co TX, Newton Nix bought and sold land in Jack Co from 1859-1873

1880 Fann Co TX cen, ED28-459, Jun 04, 70-71 Jasper L. Nix 52 TN, M.T. 49 KY, Clarisa 29 IL, John E 15, M.E. 15, I.B. 5

1880 Fann Co TX cen, ED28- 50, Jun 22, 320-345 Francis M Nix 47 IL, Mary 42 TN, M.R. fe 18 TX, A.L. son 15 TX

1880 Hood Co TX cen, ED143-45, Preston Phenix 64, Mary Arminda Nix 63, 2 ch...Columbia Buillion 35; 1900 Lubbock Co TX cen, ED25-14, Mary A Phenix 80, 1910 Lynn Co TX cen ED156-56, Mary A Phenix 89; 1860-1870 Benton Co AR cen

1881 Lyon Co KS, "Newton Nix lvd Emporia in 1881, mvd to Arkansas City, Crowley Co KS." per Helen Shelton, Denton TX

1882 Boomer Colony, "An Emporian, N.T. Nix of Payne's Lieutentants was arrested nearly every time Payne was, judged, and was active in the fight. Boomers waged against the cattle barons, who pastured their horses in Oklahoma under

the wink of several officials. Nix was also chosen treasurer of the Boomer Colony, because "no one could doub this integrity." per "Dave Payne, The Boomer", EMPORIA NEWS, p4, Jan 5, 1882.

"Dr. Newton T Nix, fatherís eldest brother, was with Payne in several of his raids into Oklahoma, and went to Washington as a Boomer representative to get legislation opening the territory to settlement. He made the run [sic The Run 1889] and secured a claim in the neighborhood of Choctaw [OK Terr, now Ok Co OK]. Being a physician and deeply religious, he was the "good angel" of his community, most of whom forgot to remunerate [pay] him. There were several "Jumpers" on his land, and some of them even threatened his life. One of these had a child desperately ill, one night when weather threatened the child the mother sent for Dr Nix. He came and stayed until the child was out of danger. On his way home, a cold rain drenched his clothing and he contracted pneumonia from which he died a few days later." per Minnie (Nix) Dean Remmers, b-1875.

1883 Fann Co TX DB-3-v14/p146-154, Jan 26. Newton T Nix of Emporia, KS (power attny was Francis M Nix) and siblings

1890 Fannin Co TX, Honey Grove, Newton Nix's mother, Lavicy (Bruce) Nix died. Oakwood Cem, Honey Grove TX.

1890 Oklahoma Terr, OKC, ED42-469, 2nd St, 281-281 Manning L Nix 51 IL, Emily E 42 KY,

Oscar Nix 19 KS, Minnie A 17 TX, Clarence 12 TX, Nellie Jo 4 TX, Richard R Vivian 24 MO boarder....mvd 1889 to OKC.. active United CSA Vet, David Hammond Camp No 177, Co I, 1st TX Partisan Rangers, 1st Lt under Albert Sydney Pike, trans to J.C. Polignac's Brigade, became Capt

1892 Oklahoma Territory, maybe OKC E.V. Nix married M.E. Back ...maybe m. in Choctaw, not OKC, see 1892 above

1896 OK Terr, Choctaw (now Ok Co OK) Newt Nix d-Oct 1996...1900 Hardeman Co TX cen, Quannah, ED32-213,135-135 Jasper Nix 71 IL

1900 OK Terr, Okla Co, ED168-15(196) Jun 19 OKC 229-288 Manning L Nix b-Sep 1838 IL contractor; Emily E b-Sep 1846 KY KY KY. m-33 yrs; Oscar Nix b-Apr 1873 KS poster bill; dau Minnie A Dean b-Jan 1875 TX, 1 ch alive of 1 birth, teacher; Mildred L Dean 8 OK VA TX; dau Nellie J Nix b-Dec 1885 TX; 4 boarders: Belle Wentz; Roberta Coleman; Swan Martin; Wm Prescott

1902 Oklahoma Territory, 1902 and 1907 postmarks of Warwick and Chandler [both in now Lincoln Co OK], resp. per Lavone Nelson of Elmer City WA

1912 EMPORIA DAILY GAZETTE, Mar 9, 1912 and Apr 10, 1912, "Notice of Appointment" re Mary Sutherland Nix's probate

EMPORIA DAILY GAZETTE, Dec 5, 1932, "The Sutherland Estate" Arthur N Sutherland died

EMPORIA DAILY GAZETTE, Jun 1, 1936, "Emporian, Who Lived Alone in Neglected Home, Leaves $30,301.74"

EMPORIA DAILY GAZETTE, Dec 8, 1942, "Dave Payne, The Boomer" reprint of Jan 5, 1882, p4

Emporia newspaper before Mar 7, 1946, "Glimpses into Old Emporia Homes" refers to Florida Nix O'Neal in a nursing home

1916 obit of Alexander Lee Bryant-Back, May 20, 1842 Breathitt Co KYóDec 4, 1916 Lost Springs, Converse Co Wyoming, Prairie View Cem, Lusk, Niobrara Co WY. "mvd 1866 to Kansas; 1900 mvd to Kelso, Cowlitz Co WA, stayed. Died when visiting ch. .left wife and 6 ch: Mr G.T. Back, Mrs Henry Spellman, both of Lost Springs WY; Mrs Minnie Edmistson of Americus, Lyon Co KS; Mrs Mary Nix of Kelso WA; Mrs Jennie C Moore of Mt Vernon, WA; Levi M Back of of Kelso WA.



Paulina Bourland Nix

in one of three 1860

US census where her

1st cousin, Benjamin

L. Bourland (b-1837)

was found.  See

Ben L. Bourland





















































































































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Patricia Adkins-Rochette        03/20/2013     

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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains